Periarthritis


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Periarthritis

 

a disease characterized by a reactive inflammatory process in the periarticular tissues of the large joints (the joint’s capsule, ligaments, and surrounding tendons and muscles) that occurs as the joints age. Its causes include traumata of the joint, overstrain, chilling, and inflammatory diseases of other organs. Observed most often in middle and old age, periarthritis usually affects the shoulder joint—humeroscapular periarthritis —and is manifested by pain in the shoulder and limitation of motion owing to the pain.

X-ray diagnosis plays an essential role in detecting the disease. The prognosis is favorable. Treatment includes temporary immobilization of the joint by application of a restricting bandage, thermotherapy, physiotherapy, injection of Novocain solution into the tissues surrounding the joint, treatment at a health resort, and, more rarely, X-ray therapy.

References in periodicals archive ?
Surgical anatomy of the rotator cuff and the natural history of degenerative periarthritis.
First launched in 1987 and currently approved in 22 countries, doctors have prescribed a cumulative 170 million injections of these products for their patients with osteoarthritis of the knee and periarthritis of the shoulder.
It has been successfully used for pain relief and treatment of inflammation in osteoarthritis of the knee and periarthritis of the shoulder (12).
A multicenter study involving 70 patients with periarthritis of the shoulder demonstrated that significant increases in joint ranges of motion and improvement in activities of daily living were achieved with HA injections (23).
Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in periarthritis of the shoulder
DePalma AF: Surgical anatomy of the rotator cuff and the natural history of degenerative periarthritis.
Calcinosis universalis, deposits of calcium phosphate in muscle, subcutaneous nodules, and periarthritis can occur in discoid or systemic lupus.