perilla


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to perilla: Perilla frutescens, Perilla oil
Enlarge picture
perilla

perilla

(not the same as dandelion-type plant also called Rattlesnake weed) Funny smelling plant usually found in cow pastures, up to 4 ft tall (1.3m). Rub leaves on skin and clothes to keep ticks away. Dark purple square stems. Large saw-tooth jagged-edged dark green or red hairy leaves tinged with purple underneath. Aromatic minty smell. Long flower spikes with lots of small pink/purple flowers. When seed pods dry, the stems rattle like rattlesnake tails. Entire plant is edible, but new young sprouts, leaves and tops are best. Leaves have very peasant sweet taste and are used in all kinds of dishes worldwide, popular Japanese salad green (Shiso). Seeds have very nutritious oil. Many use it as a sugar substitute. Antibacterial, antiseptic, antimicrobial, expectorant, helps stomach. Used in many cancer therapies, also for asthma, lung problems, colds, flu, cough, nausea, vomiting, food poisoning, allergic reactions, stomach pain. Used for its aromatic properties to make perfumes, aromatherapy, potpourri.

Perilla

 

a genus of annual herbaceous plants of the family Labiatae. Several species are found in East and Southwest Asia. There are two cultivated species, both of which are raised in the USSR. The species P. ocymoides, or P. frutescens, has a tap root. Its branching, heavily pubescent stem is 90–110 cm high. The leaves, which are long-petioled, broad-ovate, and serrate, are green or an anthocyanin color. Small white flowers are borne in axillary racemose inflorescences. The fruit is a nutlet; 1,000 nutlets weigh 2.6–3.9 g. As the plant matures, it gives off a lemony fragance.

Perilla, also known as beefsteak plants, are cultivated in China, Japan, Korea, and the USSR (Primor’e Krai) for the oil in their seeds. The oil content is 46–53 percent. The oil is used primarily in industry and as food. The oil cake is used as a concentrated animal feed.

The species P. nankinensis is about 50 cm high and has large-dentate, dark purple leaves. There are varieties with curly, fringed, or variegated leaves. The species is grown in China and Japan as an oil, essential-oil, or salad plant; in Western Europe, the USSR, and the United States it is raised as an ornamental.

REFERENCES

See references under oil .
References in periodicals archive ?
Isolation of sedative principles from Perilla frutescens.
Perilla said Rapit tried to flee the crime scene but was later arrested by the Caloocan police, who had him detained at the Barugo station.
The huge leather chaise longues which used to be dotted around Mustard have been dispensed with, but there''s still an executive feel to The Red Perilla.
During the second social context we presented bread (novel food) and perilla seeds (familiar food) to the subject and conspecifics were provided with only familiar food (perilla seeds).
The herb mixture usually includes Thai basil, mint, cilantro, sawtooth culantro, Vietnamese coriander, fish herb, red perilla and dill, among other lemony, peppery, freshly picked and highly aromatic leaves.
We appreciate the leadership Tyson Foods has shown by investing in its workforce through programs like this, said Nicolas Perilla of the Cisneros Center.
MICROGREENS The modern equivalent of mustard and cress, now a wider range of seedlings are grown, including basil, beetroot, carrot, celery, dill, kohlrabi, leek, perilla (from the mint family) and Swiss chard.
Reduction of ammonium nitrate to half strength of MS medium resulted in optimum flowering as in the case of Vigna mungo [17], green pea [13] and Perilla frutescens [16].
Perilla frutescens (perilla) is an aromatic perennial plant cultivated and consumed in northern India, China, Japan, Nepal, Burma, Bangladesh and Korea.
Tropiezo con la tortuga de la pantufla, busco en la sombra la evasiva perilla.
The research performed by Gomez, Segura, Castrillon and Perilla aimed to construct and validate a battery that overcomes some of the limitations found with the battery of Psychosocial Risk Factors from the Ministry of Social Protection in Colombia.