peritonsillar abscess


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Related to peritonsillar abscess: tonsillitis

peritonsillar abscess

[‚per·ə′täns·əl·ər ′ab‚ses]
(medicine)
An abscess forming in acute tonsillitis around one or both tonsils.
References in periodicals archive ?
Peritonsillar abscess is a well-known clinical entity in the otolaryngology world that complicates acute tonsillitis.
The fact that the mass in our case had been present for more than 2 weeks, and that no purulent material was obtained on incision, suggested that peritonsillar abscess was probably not the correct diagnosis and led us to investigate further, which led to the diagnosis of aggressive fibromatois.
Standard follow-up for a minimum of 2 years, consisting of a detailed clinical examination and frequent cross-sectional imaging, is important in all cases of suspected peritonsillar abscess in which the clinical course does not exactly match the typically described course of the disease.
Reports in the literature neither support nor refute the use of steroids in peritonsillar abscess.
In a detailed bacteriologic study of peritonsillar abscess, Jousimies-Somer et al found aerobic organisms in approximately 86% of cases and anaerobic organisms in approximately 82%.
In a study of peritonsillar abscess aspirates in the outpatient setting, Cherukuri and Benninger found Streptococcus spp in approximately 74% of aspirates, Haemophilus spp in approximately 27%, Neisseria spp in 12%, and Staphylococcus spp in 10%.
More recently, we conducted a study to assess the effectiveness of an antibiotic-steroid protocol in Native Americans, who have a particularly high incidence of peritonsillar abscess.
Between February 2002 and February 2005, we treated 98 Native Americans in Arizona who had been diagnosed with peritonsillar abscess.
Bilateral peritonsillar abscess is reportedly uncommon, and experience with its diagnosis and management is limited.
The hallmarks of peritonsillar abscess are severe sore throat, dysphagia, a "hot potato voice," and trismus.
Peritonsillar abscess, retropharyngeal abscess, mediastinitis and nonclostridial anaerobic myonecrosis: A case report.
Necrotizing fasciitis as a lethal complication of peritonsillar abscess.