pessimism

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pessimism,

philosophical opinion or doctrine that evil predominates over good; the opposite of optimism. Systematic forms of pessimism may be found in philosophy and religion. In religion Buddhism and Hinduism pessimistically appraise the world, while Christianity's pessimism is more restricted. Numerous philosophers have been pessimistic, notably Arthur SchopenhauerSchopenhauer, Arthur
, 1788–1860, German philosopher, b. Danzig (now Gdansk). The bias of his own temperament and experience was germinal to the development of his celebrated philosophy of pessimism, which he presented with such clarity and skill as to gain eventual
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 in the 19th cent. and Martin HeideggerHeidegger, Martin
, 1889–1976, German philosopher. As a student at Freiburg, Heidegger was influenced by the neo-Kantianism of Heinrich Rickert and the phenomenology of Edmund Husserl.
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 in the 20th cent.

Pessimism

See also Cynicism, Skepticism.
Calamity Jane (Martha Jane Canary
or Martha Burke, 1852–1903) frontierswoman; mannish prophetess of doom. [Am. Hist.: Flexner, 71]
Cassandra
no credence ever given to her truthful prophecies of doom. [Gk. Myth.: Zimmerman, 51]
City of Dreadful Night, The
expresses a passionate faith in pessimism as the only sensible philosophy. [Br. Poetry: James Thomson The City of Dreadful Night in Benét, 202]
Gerontion
old man who deplores aging, aridity, and spiritual decay and despairs of civilization. [Br. Poetry: Benét, 391]
Gloomy Gus
one with a pessimistic outlook on the world. [Am. Usage: Misc.]
Heraclitus
(535–475 B.C.) “Weeping Philosopher”; grieved over man’s folly. [Gk. Hist.: Brewer Dictionary, 1146]
Micaiah
always prophesied misfortune for King Ahab. [O.T.: I Kings 22:8]
Murphy’s Law “If
anything can go wrong, it will.” [Am. Culture: Wallechinsky, 480]
Schopenhauer, Arthur
(1788–1860) German philosopher known for philosophy of pessimism. [Ger. Hist.: NCE, 2447]

pessimism

Philosophy, Religion
1. the doctrine of the ultimate triumph of evil over good
2. the doctrine that this world is corrupt and that man's sojourn in it is a preparation for some other existence
References in periodicals archive ?
The sentiment in the North East is also pessimistic when considering the short-term effects of Brexit with the region showing a negative sentiment at 76 (down from 113 in August).
OPEC faces difficulty but I am not pessimistic with it.
Among Welsh adults 48% say they are either a lot more optimistic about the future (22%) or a little more optimistic about the future (26%) since the Brexit decision, while 37% say the reverse (with 19% a little more pessimistic and 18% a lot more pessimistic).
The last pessimistic growth in agriculture was recorded during in FY2001, when the growth of the sector fell to 2.
Of course we are seriously contemplating this situation but there is no need to be overly pessimistic about these situations.
Figure 2(b) presents the sentiment contagion process between the pessimistic subjects and the susceptible subjects.
The pessimistic trio remains the same, this time with Cyprus in the lead with 65 per cent saying that the worst is yet to come, followed by France at 63 per cent, and Greece with 61 per cent.
The realization that the Dodd-Frank Act and the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau are here to stay - and worse than originally imagined - have been the biggest contributing factors to the more pessimistic outlook.
The second pathway concerned the relationship between childhood emotional abuse and pessimistic explanatory style.
Against that, 43% are not very confident, 11% are pessimistic' and 6% are very pessimistic.
The consumer confidence index indicates an optimistic outlook when the index is above 100, but it gives a pessimistic outlook when it is below 100.
The House star admitted he is naturally pessimistic and said it was because of his ancestors.