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a dessert prepared with fruit or berry juices, as well as with wine, milk, and other liquids. It is made by boiling the liquid with sugar (about 60 percent) and adding small quanti-ties (0.5 to 2.5 percent) of substances, such as pectin and gelatin, that give the dish a jelly-like consistency after it has cooled. Jelly must be pasteurized for prolonged preservation. Jelly-like dishes prepared with meat, tripe, game, or fish are called studeri, kholodets, orzalivnoe.



any one of the structuralized (semisolid) systems consisting of high-molecular-weight substances and low-molecular-weight liquids. Jellies are characterized by an absence of fluidity and by an ability to retain their shape, strength, and elasticity. These properties derive from the three-dimensional network of macromolecules that permeates the jelly and is held together by intermolecular forces and chemical bonds of various types. The two ways by which jellies can be formed are the gelation of mobile and viscous liquids and the swelling of solid polymers in the proper liquid media. Jellies are typically amorphous, homogeneous systems; the nodes of the three-dimensional networks sometimes contain minute crystalline regions (crystallites). Homogeneous jellies and nonstructured solutions of polymers can separate into different phases with the formation of condensation disperse structures, frequently referred to as heterogeneous jellies. Jelly formation is common in the technological processes for making plastics, rubbers, chemical fibers, and food products; it is also widespread in organic nature.


Voiutskii, S. S. Kurs kolloidnoi khimii, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1975. Page 481.
Papkov, S. P. Studneobraznoe sostoianie polimerov. Moscow, 1974.


References in periodicals archive ?
The Cocoa Butter Petroleum Jelly contains rich conditioning jelly with cocoa butter and Vitamin E, while the Argan Oil Petroleum Jelly is enriched with argan oil and Vitamin E.
Patients having sensitivity to petroleum jelly, infection, nasal polyposis, deviated nasal septum, and recent nasal surgery were excluded from study.
Petroleum jelly, the main ingredient in Vaseline, is safe when used to cure flaky and dehydrated skin and diaper rashes.
Obviously Waxelene has a special interest in saving the honeybees since they provide the key ingredient in our all natural petroleum jelly alternative product.
Then, ask students to apply petroleum jelly to each other's face.
LIPS - A thick layer of petroleum jelly is advisable.
Everyone who submits a tip will be entered for a chance to win a limited edition jar of Vaseline Petroleum Jelly adorned with Swarovski crystals.
Meanwhile, the new Vaseline Petroleum Jelly Rich Conditioning Cocoa Butter is joining the Original Vaseline Petroleum Jelly and Vaseline Petroleum Jelly Baby on store shelves to "help keep people's skin visibly healthy," the company says.
Annie McNamara, Bristol REMOVE mascara from clothes by rubbing petroleum jelly on stains.
The latter two applied placebo or SJW ointment (macerated 1:3 in oil then clarified and mixed into petroleum jelly at 20% oil extract and 80% petroleum jelly) three times a day for 16 days beginning 24 hours after the operation.
Apply petroleum jelly to the ring and leave it overnight.
Iran has exported bitumen, floor coverage, rug, construction materials, industrial and mineral oils, petroleum jelly, yeast, medical and dentistry equipments, vehicles, tiles and ceramics to the mentioned countries.

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