pfennig


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pfennig

1. a former German monetary unit worth one hundredth of a Deutschmark
2. (formerly) a monetary unit worth one hundredth of an East German ostmark

Pfennig

 

a German coin used for small change; it first appeared during the eighth century.

After the introduction of the mark as the standard monetary unit of Germany in 1871, the pfennig was equal to 1/100 of a mark. It was minted of silver, bronze, and nickel. With the proclamation of the reichsmark as the monetary unit in 1924, the pfennig acquired the name “reichspfennig”; it was minted of bronze. In 1948, after a separate monetary reform in West Germany and a monetary reform in East Germany in response, all the old pfennigs were taken out of circulation. New pfennigs were turned out that were equal, respectively, to 1/100 of the mark of the German Democratic Republic and were minted of aluminum and to 1/100 of the mark of the Federal Republic of Germany and were minted of copper and iron.

References in periodicals archive ?
Sacha with new wife Isla Fisher Sacha poses as Borat The comic's nanny Ruth Pfennig near her home in LA yesterday
Generally, no more than one cannibal is produced per aquarium, regardless of the number of larvae occupying the tank (Collins and Cheek 1983, Pfennig and Collins 1993; E.
The expected probability that a larva in each mixed sibship group would become a carnivore morph was calculated from the observed probabilities in the constituent pure sibship groups (see Pfennig and Collins 1993).
A tendency for neighbors to be mcre highly related may arise through philopatry (Eberhard, 1972; Pfennig and Reeve, 1989), although direct genetic evidence has been lacking.
Next, Pfennig played calls at either average frequency for S.
Pfennig of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill reviewed cannibalism across many species and can list a variety of both costs and benefits.
He was helped by the attendance of his wife Sabrina, who had never seen her husband lose a competitive game as coach and the lucky pfennig buried under the turf.
Pfennig has wondered for years why cannibalism is so rare among animals.
A six pfennig stamp showing Hitler's face was re-drawn by specialists to carry Himmler's pinched features and small metal specs.
Cannibals developed only 40 percent of the time in single-family aquariums and tended to do so later, when their siblings were less vulnerable, Pfennig and Collins report in the April 29 NATURE.
He may think he has right on his side and he may well think BMW has behaved despicably with its string of broken promises, half truths and secretive deals but, and this will be no compensation for the workers at Longbridge whose jobs are at risk, the Germans couldn't give a pfennig.
And cash-strapped Fergie won't see a pfennig of her fee.