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inflammation of the pharynx



acute or chronic inflammation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx.

Acute pharyngitis in man is caused primarily by microbes (streptococcus, staphylococcus, and pneumococcus) and viruses (grippe and the adenoviruses); in the case of a severe cold or sinusitis, the inflammation frequently spreads to the pharynx from the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. The symptoms of pharyngitis are dryness of the pharynx, painful swallowing—especially in the absence of food or drink—and a body temperature ranging from normal to 37.5°C. Treatment includes gargling with alkaline and disinfectant solutions, drinking warm liquids, and a bland diet.

Chronic pharyngitis may result from repeated acute infections of the pharynx, chronic infections in the nose and paranasal sinuses, chronic tonsillitis, and prolonged irritation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx caused by smoking, alcohol abuse, the inhalation of dust or noxious gases, and overexposure to cold. The symptoms are dryness of the pharynx, a burning or tickling sensation (a “scratchy” throat), painful swallowing, coughing, and the frequent need to expectorate. The condition is treated by removing the causative factors, gargling or rinsing the pharynx with alkaline solutions (inhalation), and applying a solution of Lugol’s caustic in glycerine to the posterior wall of the pharynx.


See references under LARYNGITIS.
Pharyngitis in animals is caused by the penetration of microorganisms in the pharyngeal tissues, usually resulting from a chill to the body or from the effect of extreme cold on the mucous membrane of the pharynx. Certain infectious diseases, such as anthrax, strangles, and pasteurellosis, may be accompanied by pharyngitis. The symptoms include difficulty in swallowing, excessive salivation, nasal discharge (with nasal regurgitation of food), swelling and soreness in the region of the pharynx, and—in acute pharyngitis—elevation of body temperature. Treatment includes application of heat to the affected areas, parenteral treatment with sulfanilamides and antibiotics, and serotherapy.


Inflammation of the pharynx.
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The full 10-day course of therapy should be completed for effective treatment of tonsillitis and/or pharyngitis secondary to S.
Both episodes began with streptococcal pharyngitis a few days before seeking medical attention for chest pain.
Rapid tests have clear advantages for the diagnosis of group A streptococcal pharyngitis because an on-the-spot clinical decision can be made.
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Shilpa suddenly developed 103-degree temperature on Saturday night and a bad bout of pharyngitis.
Acute pharyngitis is characterized by an inflammation of the oropharyngeal cavity and the surrounding lymphoid tissue) Inflammation manifests as pain of varying intensity.
pyogenes in patients with positive throat cultures and symptoms of pharyngitis and/or tonsillitis.
Bicillin[R] L-A is also indicated for mild-to-moderate infections of the upper respiratory tract due to susceptible streptococci, including streptococcal pharyngitis, and has been used for prophylaxis to prevent recurrence of rheumatic fever and/or chorea.
It produces pharyngitis, tonsillitis, and may cause pronounced cervical lymphadenopathy.