The reasons caused a large phase deviation
of FTP method is the abrupt surface and high reflectivity on wheel flange area.
5(b)), a phase deviation
is only equal to 2 x [pi] x 4.
To compensate the phase deviation
originating in the via, a short stripline is added into the circuit.
However, the useful phase shift range is limited to 25[degrees]-48[degrees] with a phase deviation
of [+ or -]3[degrees].
The individual impairments consist of the carrier leaking out of the transmitter, distortion within the transmitter, errors in phase and amplitude, non-linear elements, amplitude ripple and phase deviation
from linear phase in pass-band, and noise (Figure 2).
The IEEE defines the far field of an AUT in terms of the maximum phase deviation
across the AUT.
For imbalanced measurements, the application also allows users to enter arbitrary amplitude and phase deviation
between the two signals.
Similar to the phase deviation
, for small injected charges, the amplitude change is 
The filter features absorption up to 65 GHz, increasing attenuation up to 100 GHz, group delay variation <7 psec up to 65 GHz, and linear phase deviation
of <8[degrees] up to 43 GHz.
Time Monitor software - enables customers to use the XLi/XLi SAASM as a powerful time and frequency measurement and analysis instrument, providing automatic collection of time and frequency measurements, as well as a wide range of time and frequency computations including: frequency offset, drift, stability (Allan Variance), MTIE, TDEV, phase deviation
and more; easy plotting of data with a choice of five graph types; support of numerous telecom masks (ITU-T, ANSI, ETSI) which can be overlaid on the plot; and remote control via a graphical user interface (serial or network) of the XLi/XLi SAASM.
The Model 66AXX also features a low unit-to-unit phase deviation
at low frequency, making it suitable for modal analysis.
5G improvement, there is an increasing demand on RFIC performance with respect to linearity, gain variation, phase deviation
and output power.