While benzene and toluene were tested as model compounds of MAH, naphthalene and phenanthrene
were used as PAH model compounds in this study.
temperature (T, K), pretreatment time (t, h), concentration of phenanthrene
in membrane (m, wt%) and membrane thickness (l, [micro]m), that may affect the separation characteristics in pervaporation to maximize the pervaporation separation index (PSI)  using the Design-Expert Software (version 7.
Antiplatelet effects of some aporphine and phenanthrene
alkaloids in rabbits and man.
The marine crustacean Artemia salina, another test organism for aquatic environment, was more sensible to phenanthrene
, anthracene, fluoranthene and pyrene (EC50; 48 hours = 1.
Effectiveness of biostimulation through nutrient content on the bioremediation of phenanthrene
The strain was also capable of utilizing phenanthrene
as the highest bacterial biomass was produced by this strain in phenanthrene
amended MS media compared to other isolates.
The aromatic organic compounds such as toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes, alkyl derivatives of benzene with hydrocarbon chains of various lengths, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons such as naphthalene, biphenyl, phenanthrene
, anthracene, fuoranthene, pyrene, and their methyl-, dimethyl-, and trimethyl- derivatives were found in the extract of the milled brake pad.
Naphthalene and phenanthrene
were the most degraded aromatic hydrocarbons.
There are only 10 PAHs compounds found in present study which included Dibenzo (a, h) Anthracene, Benzo (a) Pyrene, Benzo (k) Fluoranthene, Fluoranthene, Chrysene, Phenanthrene
, Acenaphylene, Ideno (1,2,3cd) Pyrene, Benzo (g, h, i) Perylene and Benzo (a) Anthracene.
Studied PAHs in the samples were Acenaphthene (Ace), Acenaphthylene (Acy), Anthracene (Ant), Anthanthrene (Anth), Benzo [a] Anthracene (BaA), Benzo [b] Fluoranthene (BbF), Benzo [a] Pyrene (BaP), Benzo [e] Pyrene (BeP), Benzo [ghi] Perylene (BgP), Benzo [k] Fluoranthene (BkF), Cyclopenta cd Pyrene (CcdP), Chrysene (Chr), Dibenzo [a,h] Anthracene (DahA), Fluorene (Flu), Fluoranthene (Flt), Phenanthrene
(Phe), Pyrene (Pyr), Indeno [1,2,3-cd] Pyrene (Ind) .
LOCs for anthracene, phenanthrene
, fluoranthene, fluorene, naphthalene, and pyrene--PAHs that are not considered carcinogens--were calculated using a safety threshold known as a reference dose (RfD) (FDA 2010).
series is mainly associated with the maturity of crude oil and source rocks .