Phenanthrene


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phenanthrene

[fə′nan‚thrēn]
(organic chemistry)
C14H10 A colorless, crystalline hydrocarbon; melts at about 100°C; the nucleus is produced by the degradation of certain alkaloids; used in the synthesis of dyes and drugs.

Phenanthrene

 

a tricyclic aromatic hydrocarbon occurring as colorless crystals that are insoluble in water and soluble in organic solvents. Phenanthrene has a melting point of 101°C and a boiling point of 340°C. The structural formula is

Phenanthrene solutions possess a light blue fluorescence. The compound, together with its linear isomer anthracene, is contained in coal tar. Derivatives of the compound in which the phenanthrene rings are partially or completely hydrogenated are commonly encountered in plants and animals (resin acids, steroids). Phenanthrene is used in the production of dyes.

References in periodicals archive ?
While benzene and toluene were tested as model compounds of MAH, naphthalene and phenanthrene were used as PAH model compounds in this study.
temperature (T, K), pretreatment time (t, h), concentration of phenanthrene in membrane (m, wt%) and membrane thickness (l, [micro]m), that may affect the separation characteristics in pervaporation to maximize the pervaporation separation index (PSI) [6] using the Design-Expert Software (version 7.
Antiplatelet effects of some aporphine and phenanthrene alkaloids in rabbits and man.
The marine crustacean Artemia salina, another test organism for aquatic environment, was more sensible to phenanthrene, anthracene, fluoranthene and pyrene (EC50; 48 hours = 1.
Effectiveness of biostimulation through nutrient content on the bioremediation of phenanthrene contaminated soil.
The strain was also capable of utilizing phenanthrene as the highest bacterial biomass was produced by this strain in phenanthrene amended MS media compared to other isolates.
The aromatic organic compounds such as toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes, alkyl derivatives of benzene with hydrocarbon chains of various lengths, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons such as naphthalene, biphenyl, phenanthrene, anthracene, fuoranthene, pyrene, and their methyl-, dimethyl-, and trimethyl- derivatives were found in the extract of the milled brake pad.
Naphthalene and phenanthrene were the most degraded aromatic hydrocarbons.
There are only 10 PAHs compounds found in present study which included Dibenzo (a, h) Anthracene, Benzo (a) Pyrene, Benzo (k) Fluoranthene, Fluoranthene, Chrysene, Phenanthrene, Acenaphylene, Ideno (1,2,3cd) Pyrene, Benzo (g, h, i) Perylene and Benzo (a) Anthracene.
Studied PAHs in the samples were Acenaphthene (Ace), Acenaphthylene (Acy), Anthracene (Ant), Anthanthrene (Anth), Benzo [a] Anthracene (BaA), Benzo [b] Fluoranthene (BbF), Benzo [a] Pyrene (BaP), Benzo [e] Pyrene (BeP), Benzo [ghi] Perylene (BgP), Benzo [k] Fluoranthene (BkF), Cyclopenta cd Pyrene (CcdP), Chrysene (Chr), Dibenzo [a,h] Anthracene (DahA), Fluorene (Flu), Fluoranthene (Flt), Phenanthrene (Phe), Pyrene (Pyr), Indeno [1,2,3-cd] Pyrene (Ind) [30].
LOCs for anthracene, phenanthrene, fluoranthene, fluorene, naphthalene, and pyrene--PAHs that are not considered carcinogens--were calculated using a safety threshold known as a reference dose (RfD) (FDA 2010).
The phenanthrene series is mainly associated with the maturity of crude oil and source rocks [20].