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see record playerrecord player
or phonograph,
device for reproducing sound that has been recorded as a spiral, undulating groove on a disk. This disk is known as a phonograph record, or simply a record (see sound recording).
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a household device for the reproduction of sound from a phonograph record. A phonograph differs in principle from a gramophone; it converts the mechanical vibrations of the needle in the sound pickup to electrical oscillations, which are then amplified by an audio-frequency amplifier and converted to sound by an electroacoustic system, which includes one or more electrodynamic loudspeakers.

Phonographs are designed to reproduce monophonic, stereophonic, or quadraphonic disk recordings. The sound quality and the convenience of use depend on the phonograph’s rating. For example, phonographs manufactured in the USSR according to the All-Union State Standard, which establishes the basic technical specifications (for example, range of frequencies reproduced and nonlinear distortion factor), are rated as superior, first class, second class, or third class. Modern superior-rated phonographs produce sound of such quality that the listener is completely unaware of noise and the various distortions that occur in the course of reproduction of disk recordings; such phonographs are the most convenient to use.


Apollonova, L. P., and N. D. Shumova. Mekhanicheskaia zvukozapis’. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
GOST 11157–74. Elektrophony: Obshchie tekhnicheskie usloviia. Moscow, 1974.



(engineering acoustics)
An instrument for recording or reproducing acoustical signals, such as voice or music, by transmission of vibrations from or to a stylus that is in contact with a groove in a rotating disk.


1. an early form of gramophone capable of recording and reproducing sound on wax cylinders
2. US and Canadian a device for reproducing the sounds stored on a record: now usually applied to the nearly obsolete type that uses a clockwork motor and acoustic horn


An earlier term for an analog recording and playback device. See phonograph record, turntable and LP.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bostwick in his book, The American Public Library (1910), in which he cites the use of phonograph records in his support for the circulation of music in any format, which was seldom done at the time:
A SPIN LUCK Worth PS400 This is a foldup, portable phonograph made in Switzerland in 1926.
The phonograph was invented by Thomas Edison but fell into disuse with the entry of the circular disc in 1902.
Fun Fact: The first words Edison recorded on his newly invented phonograph in 1877 was the poem, "Mary had a little lamb.
More than 100 guests explored the facilities, enjoyed food and wine, a permanent art display featuring Yeva Dashevsky's close-up photographs of Manhattan architecture, and entertainment by DJ MAC--an antique phonograph DJ who plays vintage records from the early 20th century.
The first disc-type phonograph record was demonstrated publicly this month in 1888.
He worked as a driver for Williams Bakery, and is an antique furniture and phonograph restoration specialist and antique dealer.
American Thomas Edison produced the first crude talking machine in 1877 as an aid to stenographers which resulted in him patenting the phonograph, a spring-driven machine capable of replaying recorded sound on small, tube-like cylinders.
Until recently, the accepted orthodoxy about Percy Grainger's use of the phonograph and his relations with the Folk-Song Society (FSS) was that the society was wholly opposed to the machine's use.
The curious canine was fascinated by his new master''s musical phonograph, something which struck Barraud as quite whimsical.
1888: The first record company, the North American Phonograph Company, was founded in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, by businessman Jesse L Lippincott.
A phonograph in every home; the evolution of the American recording industry, 1900-19.