phonograph


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phonograph:

see record playerrecord player
or phonograph,
device for reproducing sound that has been recorded as a spiral, undulating groove on a disk. This disk is known as a phonograph record, or simply a record (see sound recording).
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Phonograph

 

a household device for the reproduction of sound from a phonograph record. A phonograph differs in principle from a gramophone; it converts the mechanical vibrations of the needle in the sound pickup to electrical oscillations, which are then amplified by an audio-frequency amplifier and converted to sound by an electroacoustic system, which includes one or more electrodynamic loudspeakers.

Phonographs are designed to reproduce monophonic, stereophonic, or quadraphonic disk recordings. The sound quality and the convenience of use depend on the phonograph’s rating. For example, phonographs manufactured in the USSR according to the All-Union State Standard, which establishes the basic technical specifications (for example, range of frequencies reproduced and nonlinear distortion factor), are rated as superior, first class, second class, or third class. Modern superior-rated phonographs produce sound of such quality that the listener is completely unaware of noise and the various distortions that occur in the course of reproduction of disk recordings; such phonographs are the most convenient to use.

REFERENCES

Apollonova, L. P., and N. D. Shumova. Mekhanicheskaia zvukozapis’. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
GOST 11157–74. Elektrophony: Obshchie tekhnicheskie usloviia. Moscow, 1974.

S. L. MISHENKOV

phonograph

[′fō·nə‚graf]
(engineering acoustics)
An instrument for recording or reproducing acoustical signals, such as voice or music, by transmission of vibrations from or to a stylus that is in contact with a groove in a rotating disk.

phonograph

1. an early form of gramophone capable of recording and reproducing sound on wax cylinders
2. US and Canadian a device for reproducing the sounds stored on a record: now usually applied to the nearly obsolete type that uses a clockwork motor and acoustic horn

phonograph

An earlier term for an analog recording and playback device. See phonograph record, turntable and LP.
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When Edison invents the phonograph in 1877, the public is for the most part impressed by its ostensibly flawless ability to reproduce human speech.
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The collection's earliest pieces date from the 1870s, and include Edison's own speculations about the probable uses of the phonograph, while the latest primary pieces were authored in the mid-1940s, when the authors argue that the three technologies had reached maturity.
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In 2003, I challenged this orthodoxy, demonstrating that the first use of the phonograph preceded Grainger's, and that most of the FSS's leadership accepted and used the machine, including Lucy Broadwood, Anne Gilchrist, Cecil Sharp, and Ralph Vaughan Williams.
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Sutton, author of Recording the 'Twenties: The Evolution of the American Recording Industry, 1920-29, takes readers on a tour of the development of the phonograph and the beginnings of the American recording industry.
The experts get in a tizzy over items including a phonograph once owned by Scottish entertainer Harry Lauder.
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Kreilkamp's usual practice in each chapter is to offer a heavily contextualized reading of one or two key Victorian works--novels, for the most part, although Browning's The Ring and the Book is also subjected to careful analysis--alongside a contemporaneous document, such as a pamphlet, which comments on Victorian developments in shorthand, printing, and the phonograph.