physical fitness


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physical fitness,

combined good health and physical development. The object of any program of physical fitness is to maximize an individual's health, strength, endurance, and skill relative to age, sex, body build, and physiology. These ends can only be realized through conscientious regulation of exercise, rest, diet, and periodic medical and dental examinations. Exercise should be regular and vigorous, but begun slowly and only gradually increased in strenuousness. Short periods of vigorous exercise repeated several times during a day can be as beneficial to physical health as one longer daily session. Popular exercise methods include jogging, cycling, and the use of body-building machines. It is more important that periods of sleep be regular and restful than that they extend any fixed number of hours. A properly balanced diet in proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals is essential. Conscientious dental hygiene and periodic checkups are also strongly advised. Complete and regular physical examinations should be the basis of any program of physical development. Tobacco smoking, as well as alcohol and drug consumption, are counterproductive to any physical fitness program. Although sports are related to physical fitness, care must be taken that injuries do not occur, and that the skin is adequately protected against the cancerous effects of solar radiation.

Bibliography

See historical study by J. Whorton (1982).

References in periodicals archive ?
Our findings suggest that prior levels of physical activity did not influence the association between cognitive performance and physical fitness.
Police high-ups have emphasised the physical fitness of police officers as well as the posting of well-educated officials as station clerks at all of the capital's police stations.
Thus, walking pace could be used to identify individuals who have low physical fitness and high mortality risk that would benefit from targeted physical exercise interventions," Yates added.
University officials said a list of those applicants who qualify the physical fitness test will be put up on the website along with the photo of the applicant.
581,154 school students from all over the Kingdom took part in the Award which is designed to encourage physical fitness among students as an integral component of good health and intellectual development.
1] considered health-related physical fitness as the dynamic state of energy and vitality that allows people to perform daily tasks, enjoy active leisure and cope with unexpected emergencies without undue fatigue.
Robert Hoskins, chief training manager at the Army Physical Fitness School, said the current Army Physical Fitness Test, which was developed in the 1980s, is outdated.
In this study, we examined the leisure lifestyles and health-related physical fitness of college students.
This is because the activities in physical fitness involve more use of facilities and equipment.
The Executive Order of January 8, 1963, established the President's Council on Physical Fitness and clearly stated the purpose of the Council: