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an observable fact or event; in philosophy the definitions and uses of the term have varied. In the philosophy of AristotleAristotle
, 384–322 B.C., Greek philosopher, b. Stagira. He is sometimes called the Stagirite. Life

Aristotle's father, Nicomachus, was a noted physician. Aristotle studied (367–347 B.C.
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 phenomena were the objects of the senses (e.g., sights and sounds), as opposed to the real objects understood by the mind. Later, phenomena were considered the observed facts and were contrasted with the theories used to explain them. Modern philosophers have used "phenomenon" to designate what is apprehended before judgment is applied. For Immanuel KantKant, Immanuel
, 1724–1804, German metaphysician, one of the greatest figures in philosophy, b. Königsberg (now Kaliningrad, Russia). Early Life and Works
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 a phenomenon was the object of experience and was the opposite of a noumenonnoumenon
, in the philosophical system of Immanuel Kant, a "thing-in-itself"; it is opposed to phenomenon, the thing that appears to us. Noumena are the basic realities behind all sensory experience.
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, the thing-in-itself, to which Kant's categories did not apply.



(1) An uncommon object or events; a rarity.

(2) A philosophical concept denoting an object or event that is perceivable by the senses. Aristotle used the term “phenomenon” to mean that which is apparent or illusory. G. W. von Leibniz, who defined phenomena as facts known through experience, distinguished a category of “real, well-established phenomena.” For G. Berkeley, D. Hume, and the advocates of positivism and Machism, phenomena are the data of consciousness—the empirical elements, in the subjective idealist sense—that constitute the only existing reality. According to I. Kant, a phenomenon is anything that can possibly be the object of experience; phenomena are juxtaposed to noumena, or “things in themselves.” In the phenomenology of E. Husserl, phenomena are directly given to consciousness as the contents of intentional acts.



a. the object of perception, experience, etc.
b. (in the writings of Kant) a thing as it appears and is interpreted in perception and reflection, as distinguished from its real nature as a thing-in-itself
References in periodicals archive ?
surface plasmon resonance imaging technology is based on the physical phenomenon of plasmon resonance.
This could be an optical illusion--or perhaps the result of some physical phenomenon such as spherical shock waves colliding or cosmic strings.
This unusual physical phenomenon makes PET imaging a much more accurate method for the detection and localization of disease, often at an early stage.
Prior Information Notice: Delivery device - surface plasmon resonance imaging technology, which is based on the physical phenomenon of plasmon resonance.
His account pivots on the evanescent wave, explaining it as a physical phenomenon and as the basis for ATR spectroscopy.
He explains how to approximate the real life geometry of a physical phenomenon by geometric modeling, discretize the computational geometry model into a finite element model, and construct static condensation and dynamic reduction transformation matrices.
Their laboratory model could prove useful for characterizing a physical phenomenon known as chaotic scattering, the researchers say.
Because the CFV addresses a fundamental physical phenomenon in a profoundly new manner, we regularly receive calls regarding new applications that we hadn't anticipated," said Vapore CEO, Rob Lerner.