Of course, a pie chart is not necessary in most scientific papers.

6, transform this figure from a pie chart to a bar/column graph.

One such feature is"explosion," as illustrated in Panel A of Exhibit 2 (and which was incorporated into the designs of nearly one-third of all pie charts the authors observed, and nearly 40 percent of all rotated charts).

When all these design features are combined--when pie charts include too many categories, are rotated, exploded, and presented using colors--the result can be graphics that are confusing, like Panel A of Exhibit 2.

To address this question, the correlations between scale measures of identity and the PII and PII-CG, and the correlations between pie chart measures of identity and the PII and PII-CG, were compared at the role and the domain level (but not across levels).

The role-level pie chart PIE-P, which asked participants to indicate how important the father role was to them, appeared completely orthogonal to both the role-level and the domain-level measures of involvement.

Write pie chart on the chalkboard and have students discuss what a pie chart looks like.

Have students exchange their papers with their partners and write four different conclusions that they can draw from their partner's activity pie chart.

where B's are coefficients from logit equation |4~ estimated from responses obtained using the risk ladder and the A's are coefficients from logit equation |4~ estimated from responses obtained using the pie charts.

The current risk of premature death from exposure to heavy metals was communicated in narrative and illustrated in either the risk ladder or the pie charts depending on the version of the survey to help provide greater comprehension of the risk magnitudes.

Bar charts (or column charts) are sometimes preferable to pie charts for presenting the components of financial statement elements when dollar amount data are being presented instead of percentage data.

Pie charts would be helpful to display the composition of these items, while bar charts may be useful to highlight changes by reporting comparative data.