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Criminal law the dishonest taking of property belonging to another person with the intention of depriving the owner permanently of its possession



(Russian, krazha), in criminal law, the secret stealing of property. The secrecy with which the property is taken, implying that the criminal is confident that his actions are not observed by the victim or other people, distinguishes theft from grabezh (open stealing) and robbery.

In the USSR the criminal codes of the Union republics establish separate liability for theft with the intent to gain possession of state or social property and theft with the intent to gain possession of personal property (for example, the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, arts. 89 and 144). Stricter punishment is prescribed for the theft of state or social property than for the theft of personal property. Liability for the theft of state or social property on an especially large scale or for the petty theft of such property is established by special norms (for example, arts. 931 and 96 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR).

Under the law the circumstances aggravating liability for theft are repeated theft, theft by a group of people in accordance with a prior agreement, theft using technical means (the latter only in the criminal codes of the RSFSR, Georgian SSR, and Tadzhik SSR), and theft causing significant loss to the victim (in theft of personal property). Especially aggravating circumstances are the commission of theft by a particularly dangerous recidivist or on a large scale (in theft of state or social property).

References in periodicals archive ?
Nakpil added that air carriers have their own private security guards but since pilferage continues, he assumes the guards are part of the syndicate.
i) Basically, all tax pilferage arises from personal greed which is an essential ingredient of human nature and is universal.
Nevertheless, pilferage and diversion must be watched for continually.
He also said pilferage happens in all airports in the world.
President Rodrigo Duterte on Thursday ordered the termination of Miascor's contract following the recent pilferage of the luggage of overseas Filipino worker Jovenil dela Cruz at Clark International Airport in Pampanga province.
Last Friday top executives of the Clark Investors and Locators Association (Cila) lauded the fast government action on the reported pilferage at the airport as they cited the conducive business climate inside this freeport.
Similarly 16 accused of power pilferage were identified in Urban sub division, 5 in Surani sub division and 8 were from Sarai Nourang sub division of Bannu Circle and all were arrested.
The CBI's Jaipur office had in fact arrested seven persons, including two IOC supervisors, in August for fuel pilferage from the IOC depot and confiscated 180 kilolitres of fuel in a month.
Besides liberating the slaves, President Lincoln also liberated Mission San Juan Capistrano, signing the papers a month before his assassination to return the mission - seized by the Mexican government in 1833 - to the Catholic church after years of pilferage and private ownership.
The SIM is a robust Web-hosted inventory management solution that enforces business rules, controls access at the point-of-use (POU) and provides enterprisewide inventory visibility which eliminates pilferage, stock-outs, and overstocking.
ASTORE -- Executive Engineer WAPDA, Fayyaz Alam has urged people to come forward and make collective efforts for preventing power pilferage in the area.
The Manila International Airport Authority (MIAA) on Friday terminated its contract with its ground-handling service provider following alleged incidents of pilferage.