Piper


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Related to Piper: pied piper

Piper

John. 1903--92, British artist. An official war artist in World War II, he is known esp for his watercolours of bombed churches and his stained glass in Coventry Cathedral

Piper

 

(pepper), a genus of plants of the family Piperaceae. The plants are lianas, rarely small trees and herbs. The flowers are small, mostly unisexual, and in spicate inflorescences. There are approximately 700 species (according to other data, approximately 2,000), distributed in the tropics of both hemispheres, primarily in tropical America and the monsoonal areas of East Asia. The pepper (Piper nigrum), a woody liana, is the most important species. It grows in India and Southeast Asia and is cultivated in tropical areas. Its immature dried fruits yield black pepper; another spice, white pepper, is obtained by separating the pericarp from the mature fruits. The betel (P. betle) is used to make a stimulant masticatory. Many species, including kava (P. methysticum), cubeb (P. cubeba), and long pepper (P. Iongum), yield spices, aromatics, stimulants, or medicinal substances.

Several species of plants from different families are also commonly known as peppers, for example, Capsicum longum and Polygonum hydropiper. The fruits of P. nigrum and C. longum, which are used as condiments, are called pepper.

REFERENCES

Siniagin, I. I. Tropicheskoe zemledelie. Moscow, 1968.
Macmillan, H. F. Tropical Planting and Gardening, 5th ed. London, 1943.
Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of Economic Plants, 2nd ed. Weinheim, 1968.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in classic literature ?
A mad piper, indeed, this spring, with his wonderful lying music,--ever lying, yet ever convincing, for when was Spring known to keep his word?
I get thinking sometimes if the Pied Piper is really dead, or if he may not still be roaming up and down our streets and lanes, but playing now so softly that only the children hear him.
Piper, says in amicable conversation with that excellent woman.
Piper has a good deal to say, chiefly in parentheses and without punctuation, but not much to tell.
Grasshoppers skipped briskly in the sere grass, and crickets chirped like fairy pipers at a feast.
The band was playing down in the valley under the castle; and when it came to the turn of the pipers, he heard their wild sounds with a stirring of the blood.
Horiot said, "Piper France is delighted to be able to offer new Piper airplanes to customers and prospective French customers.
All things come to an end," Bass said in remarks to Piper employees today.
The incident started on April 6 when Piper got home from work and learned that a manhunt was taking place in his neighborhood for a bank robber who had been on the run from police for about five hours.
The story begins as Piper ends this behavior, rejecting the requests of the boys and enduring their persecution.
The art that typically arises in these arenas is perhaps best described, to borrow the title of a 1976 Piper work, as Art for the Art World Surface Pattern, which was, not quite incidentally, positioned near the entrance of the foundation's retrospective.
Augmenting the rapturous work of Piper, the book features the extensive essay "Witness at the Crossroads," by Kobena Mercer.