pistachio

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pistachio

(pĭstăsh`ēō, pĭstä`shēō), tree or shrub (of the genus Pistacia) of the family Anacardiaceae (sumacsumac
or sumach
, common name for some members of the Anacardiaceae, a family of trees and shrubs native chiefly to the tropics but ranging into north temperate regions and characterized by resinous, often acrid, sap.
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 family). The species that yields the pistachio nut of commerce is P. vera, native to SW Asia. It is now cultivated on a small scale in parts of the SW United States and in many of the warmer parts of Europe and Asia; the trade supply comes largely from Iran, Syria, Afghanistan, Italy, and Sicily. The "nut," a greenish seed, is eaten salted and is used in making confections. In Syria and some other countries it is more widely used and is traditional at weddings and on other occasions. A flavoring oil is derived from the nuts. Related species include the terebinthterebinth
or turpentine tree,
small deciduous tree (Pistacia terebinthus) of the family Anacardiaceae (sumac family), native to the Mediterranean region.
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, or turpentine tree; the Chinese pistachio, P. chinensis, grown in Florida and California both for ornament and as grafting stock for P. vera; and the mastic (P. lentiscus). Pistachio is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Anacardiaceae.

pistachio

[pə′stash·ē‚ō]
(botany)
Pistacia vera. A small, spreading dioecious evergreen tree with leaves that have three to five broad leaflets, and with large drupaceous fruit; the edible seed consists of a single green kernel covered by a brown coat and enclosed in a tough shell.

pistachio

of a yellowish-green colour

pistachio

1. an anacardiaceous tree, Pistacia vera, of the Mediterranean region and W Asia, with small hard-shelled nuts
2. the nut of this tree, having an edible green kernel
References in periodicals archive ?
As a result, many of the normal-looking pistachios falling from trees turn out to be hollow--that is, void of any nutty meat inside.
Chop the asparagus and add a cup into a food processor with the spinach, garlic, 2 tablespoons of pistachios, Parmesan cheese, olive oil, lemon juice and salt.
Thus, the kind of cultivar and date of harvest are the important factors determining the physical characteristics, chemical composition and antioxidant activity in pistachios.
The findings further validate pistachios as one of the lowest calorie nuts with 160 calories per 30 gram serving (approximately 1 ounce).
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Iran's pistachio and saffron exports saw eye-catching growths in the first nine months of the current Iranian year (March 20, 2012-December 20, 2012), the latest figures released by the country's Customs Office displayed.
The variety of climate in Iran has provided a good condition for pistachio production.
To develop the ELISA, the researchers used California raw pistachios and a mixture of Californian, Iranian, and Turkish roasted pistachios as immunogens--a specific type of antigen.
The research is the first study of pistachios and almonds and their modulating role on the gut microbiota composition.
The diets included Step I Diet without pistachios which had 25 percent total fat and 8 percent saturated fat; a Step I Diet including 1.
To further underline the brand's nutritional benefits, stores have been placing Wonderful Pistachios both in the fresh fruit and vegetable aisles, and in the snacks aisles.
Paramount Farms, the world's largest supplier of pistachios and almonds, has launched its Wonderful Pistachios in the Middle East at an event in Dubai.
pistachios, has doubled acreage devoted to the nut in the past decade.