pistol


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pistol:

see small armssmall arms,
firearms designed primarily to be carried and fired by one person and, generally, held in the hands, as distinguished from heavy arms, or artillery. Early Small Arms

The first small arms came into general use at the end of the 14th cent.
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Pistol

 

an individual firearm designed to hit enemy personnel at distances of up to 50–70 m. It can be fired with one hand. Pistols are issued to officers as well as to some enlisted specialists.

Matchlock pistols appeared in Europe and Asia in the 16th century. The first pistols were shortened muskets, which were used primarily in the cavalry. In the 17th century, flintlock pistols became widespread in various armies. In the 19th century, percussion-type pistols were popular. Pistols were made with two or more barrels to increase the rate of fire. Until the mid-19th century most pistols had smooth bores and were muzzle-loaded. In the 1850’s a more refined weapon, the rifled revolver, began to replace pistols. After the invention of smokeless powder in the 1880’s and the use of fixed ammunitions with metallic cartridge cases, automatic pistols appeared. With their automatic reloading, cocking of the trigger mechanism after each shot, and rapidly replaceable magazines, these weapons had a higher maximum rate of fire than revolvers and gradually replaced them.

The automatic feature of pistols is based on a quick movement of the bolt or barrel caused by recoil. Pistols have safety mechanisms for protection in handling.

There are also signal pistols, which are nonautomatic and fire signal and illumination cartridges, and sport pistols, which are automatic.

REFERENCES

Material’naia chast’strelkovogo oruzhiia, books 1–2. Moscow, 1945–46.
Gnatovskii, N. I., and P. A. Shorin. Istoriia razvitiia otechestvennogo strelkovogo oruzhiia. 1959.
Vooruzhennye sily kapitalisticheskikh gosudarstv. Moscow, 1971.

G. M. SHINKAREV

What does it mean when you dream about a pistol?

To take aim with a pistol may indicate the dreamer is trying to target a specific goal. Alternatively, if feelings of anger or helplessness and fear play a part in the dream, then the dreamer’s sense of self-defense is at stake and the pistol may represent the power the dreamer needs to defend against some anger or aggression in waking life.

pistol

[′pist·əl]
(ordnance)
A short automatic or semiautomatic firearm aimed and fired from one hand, using the force of recoil to eject the empty shell and to insert a new round into the firing chamber.

Pistol

knight of the “killing tongue and quiet sword.” [Br. Lit.: II Henry IV]

pistol

[IBM] A tool that makes it all too easy for you to shoot yourself in the foot. "Unix "rm *" makes such a nice pistol!"
References in periodicals archive ?
The forged upper and lower receivers of the pistol are manufactured from 7075-T6 aluminum and feature the "Accu-Tite" tension system that maximizes the tension between the receivers.
For pistol shooters, immediate action is often, "Tap, rack, bang.
It holds the pistol in a muzzle-forward angle, similar to action pistol "race" holsters.
During the 1930s, the French army reconditioned many Ruby pistols, riveting a stud to the left side of the slide, which prevented the safety from accidentally disengaging when the pistol was thrust into a holster.
In a statement, the company said: "Although only a small percentage of pistols appear to be affected and we are not aware of any injuries, Ruger is firmly committed to safety and would like to retrofit all potentially affected pistols with an updated safety mechanism.
The NRA's Defensive Pistol Course is a true concealed carry firearm training course.
The new pistol was chambered for the then-new straight-walled 9mm cartridge, which was called the Parabellum.
94 each, much lower than the P20,000 price that the PNP had set for each pistol.
In the Air Pistol Junior Women's category, the team of Malaika Goel ( 382), Shreya Gawanade ( 380) and Yashwini ( 375) clinched the second gold for India.
Eventually, the pistol competition separated itself from the rifle competition, and the first United States Army Distinguished Pistol Shot Badge was awarded in 1903.