pleocytosis


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pleocytosis

[‚plē·ō‚sī′tō·səs]
(medicine)
Increase of cells in the cerebrospinal fluid.
References in periodicals archive ?
CSF examinations showed elevated protein with no marked pleocytosis typically seen in viral encephalitis and similar to a case of respiratory HMPV with central nervous system (CNS) involvement in a child (7).
The CSF is usually normal or reveals mild pleocytosis, elevated protein and a decreased glucose level.
Central nervous system vasculitis rather than demyelinating disease was primarily considered in the diagnosis because the patient presented with epileptic seizures and had lymphocytic pleocytosis in the CSF despite the OCB being pattern 3.
West Nile meningitis, characterized by fever, headache, nuchal rigidity, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pleocytosis, is associated with favorable outcomes (7-9).
Four showed lymphocytic pleocytosis and in five cases proteins were elevated.
In addition to imaging, other nonspecific CSF findings, such as pleocytosis, increased opening pressure, low glucose levels, elevated lysozyme and [beta]2-microglobulin, elevated helper-suppressor T-lymphocyte ratio, CD4:CD8 ratio >5, and elevated angiotensin-converting enzyme levels, have been reported in neurosarcoidosis.
The clinical, laboratory and imaging results including MRI findings in our patient were consistent with the diagnosis of acute TM with mild pleocytosis (6,16).
Lymphocytosis and eosinophylic pleocytosis (5-500 cells/ microliter).
In a study performed in 50 immunocompetent adults, pleocytosis was found in 21 subjects (42%) and increased protein was found in 12 subjects (24%), although no clinical finding of myelitis, aseptic meningitis or encephalitis was present in any subject (17).
Encephalopathy was defined as altered mental status lasting [greater than or equal to] 24h (3), (4) and encephalitis was defined as encephalopathy plus of the following: fever [greater than or equal to] 38 [degrees]C, focal neurological signs, CSF pleocytosis, EEG findings indicative of encephalitis, and abnormal neuroimaging indicative of infection or inflammation (3).
16) Clinically, WBC counts at approximately the upper limit of normal represent a gray zone as well, because various neurological disorders, even including neoplastic diseases, may or may not be accompanied by pleocytosis and the degree of pleocytosis does not predict a specific diagnosis.
After 2 weeks of treatment with Vancomycin, her CSF continued to show pleocytosis and culture persistently grew the same enterococcus species.