plover


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Related to plover: piping plover, golden plover

plover

(plŭv`ər), common name for some members of the large family Charadriidae, shore birds, small to medium in size, found in ice-free lands all over the world. Plovers are plumpish wading birds with pigeonlike bills and strong markings of black or brown above with white below. In flocks they frequent ocean beaches and sand and mud flats, following the backwash of waves in search of the small marine invertebrates that form their diet. The best-known plovers in America are the noisy killdeer (Charadrius vociferus), found in pasturelands; the larger (11 in./27.5 cm) black-bellied (Squatarola squatarola) and golden (Pluvialis dominica) plovers, which migrate as far as 2,000 mi (3,220 km) annually; and the ruddy turnstone (Arenaria interpres). The Old World dotterel and the European lapwinglapwing,
common name for some members of the family Charadriidae, which includes the plovers. Lapwings are almost all inland or upland birds, found in all temperate and tropical regions except North America.
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 are members of the family, as are the crocodile birds of Africa, insectivorous plovers described by Herodotus as picking the teeth of crocodiles. Lapwings are slightly larger than plovers and are found in most tropical and temperate countries, with the notable exception of North America, where they have been extinct since the Pleistocene era. Both lapwings and plovers nest on open ground and dig shallow hollows lined with pebbles or plant debris where their clutch of eggs (usually four) are deposited. Both male and female share the duties of rearing the young. The crab plover (Dromas ardeola) of India, Arabia, and E Africa, with its heronlike bill and webbed toes, is so distinct that it is placed in a family by itself, the Dromadidae. It derives its name from its habit of pounding crabs and mollusks to pieces with its heavy bill. Crab plovers lay only one egg per clutch in a deep nest dug into a sand bank. They are easily approached and flock in large groups on coastal mud flats and beaches. Plovers are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Charadriiformes, family Charadriidae. Crab plovers belong to the same order.

plover

1. any shore bird of the family Charadriidae, typically having a round head, straight bill, and large pointed wings: order Charadriiformes
2. any of similar and related birds, such as the Egyptian plover (see crocodile bird) and the upland plover
3. green plover another name for lapwing
References in periodicals archive ?
It is almost impossible to go straight across from Plover Road into Daisy Lea Lane.
Solar incubation cuts down parental care in a burrow nesting tropical shorebird, the Crab Plover Dromas ardeola.
Normally beachfill operations are prohibited at known plover nesting grounds from March to September, in accordance with federal law protecting endangered species.
The piping plover was listed under both the Federal Endangered Species Act and the Massachusetts Endangered Species Act previously.
Thus," he added, "crab-eating crab plovers that diminish the numbers and activity of crabs are potentially beneficial for seagrasses as well as for the maintenance of its diverse inhabitants.
In October, people have the chance to see birds including ringed plovers, grey plovers and dunlin.
There just aren't enough good crow hunters, and there are virtually no crow hunters along the piping plover beaches.
Golden Plover RSPB/PA Wire Others will have red tags, from the national ringing scheme, and white tags with tiny codes.
Not just any bird, but a pair of breeding Western snowy plovers, a threatened species whose every member matters to state and federal wildlife managers.
In New Jersey, the most densely populated state within the plover's breeding range, the Service is working closely with the New Jersey Division of Fish and Wildlife and municipalities along the state's coast, to develop management plans to help piping plovers and other vulnerable beach species.
Surveys undertaken by independent consultancy Ecology Matters reveal on Plynlymon in mid Wales numbers of golden plover have declined by 92% since 1984 with only one pair remaining; red grouse have declined by 48% and four species - teal, peregrine, ring ouzel and black headed gull are now extinct in this area.
Human-driven growth and the associated impact on natural resources have changed the make-up of the local and regional ecosystems, in some cases causing population increases in predators like foxes, skunks, and raccoons that raid plover nests, says Sue Jennings, park biologist at Sleeping Bear Dunes.