Other studies of early podzolization in coastal dune sands with coniferous trees have encountered podzolic horizon development within 100 years in Jutland, Denmark (Stutzer 1998), in 300-500 years at the Falkland Islands (Wilson 2000) and in 400-500 years in Northwest Finland (Jauhiainen 1973).
The differing ages indicate large spatial differences in podzolization development, supported by the wide range of podzolization rates found in the literature, even within Michigan.
In the process of podzolization these are organic substances (fulvic-acids).
Afterwards it became markedly cooler so that in the Subboreal and in particular in the Subatlantic stage the processes of BrownEarth formation and podzolization emerged and still prevail (Reuter 1990).
We agree with Reintam (2002) that in Latvia, similarly to Estonia, the Albic horizon that can be formed either as a result of lessivage, podzolization or reductomorphic processes is characteristic of Albeluvisols.
Podzolization in Aeolian sands underlain by Gleysol formation, during nine millennia in southwestern Estonia.
The beach-ridge sequence in Northern Michigan demonstrated clear patterns of early soil podzolization within 400 years (Lichter 1998).
This paper focuses on the development, speed, and rate of the temporally uninterrupted progress of podzolization in Ancylus Lake and aeolian sands, underlain by the Younger Dryas and Pre-Boreal Molli-Histic Gleysol on calcareous reddish-brown till at a depth of about 3.
Podzolization and the accumulation of carbonates and salts
The process of soil darkening is similar to podzolization, since in the melt season there is intense formation of organic complexes and washing, which favors the development of soils with shallow washing horizons.
This process is called podzolization and the resulting soil will be a podzol with an O A E Bh ir type profile (equivalent to a spodosol in the STS system).
The very humid climatic conditions and the acidifying vegetation, generally of conifers, are favorable factors, but it is the very permeable rocks--which are poor in minerals and that are easily modified--that accelerate the process of podzolization.