pogrom


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

pogrom

(pō`grəm, pōgrŏm`), Russian term, originally meaning "riot," that came to be applied to a series of violent attacks on Jews in Russia in the late 19th and early 20th cent. Pogroms were few before the assassination of Alexander IIAlexander II,
1818–81, czar of Russia (1855–81), son and successor of Nicholas I. He ascended the throne during the Crimean War (1853–56) and immediately set about negotiating a peace (see Paris, Congress of).
..... Click the link for more information.
 in 1881; after that, with the connivance of, or at least without hindrance from, the government, there were many pogroms throughout Russia. Soldiers and police often looked on without interfering. These pogroms encouraged the first emigration of Russian Jews to the United States. After 1882 there were few pogroms until 1903, when there was an extremely violent three-day pogrom at Chisinau resulting in the death of 45 Jews. Although it has not been conclusively proved that the czarist government organized pogroms, the government's anti-Semitic policies certainly encouraged them. After the abortive revolution of 1905, pogroms increased in number and violence. With the success of the Bolshevik Revolution, pogroms ceased in the Soviet Union; they were revived in Germany and Poland after Adolf Hitler attained power.

Bibliography

See E. H. Judge, Easter in Kishinev: Anatomy of a Pogrom (1992).

pogrom

an organized persecution or extermination of an ethnic group, esp of Jews
References in periodicals archive ?
Both 1984 and 2002 were indeed state led pogroms for which justice is still awaited.
Russians, Jews, and the Pogroms of 1881-1882, by John Doyle Klier.
Inspired by the author's grandmother, who survived a Russian pogrom and escaped to Shanghai and then to the United States, Rachel's Hope is a must-read for fans of historical fiction.
Nevertheless, all of the accounts reveal the degree to which their authors were traumatized by their experiences, as they realized that the pogrom was not a spontaneous outburst but rather part of a cynical Nazi plan to force the expulsion of German Jews, and how they decided, without exception, to leave their homeland forever.
In reality, the country is India, the extremists are Hindus, the 2002 Gujarat pogroms targeted Muslims, and the leader in question is Narendra Modi.
True enough, Ukraine was at the centre of the tsarist pogrom, the late 19th century strategy employed to divert the rage of the peasant masses on to their many Jewish neighbours, egged on by medieval Christians' Christ-killer dogma.
5) Much like the term "violence," which has been used to describe everything from the routine to the extreme, from the lawful to the illicit, and from the structural to the symbolic, scholars have used pogrom to refer to a frustratingly broad range of acts that occurred in different times and different regions.
The Limerick pogrom was the economic boycott waged against the small Jewish community for over two years.
I had a conversation at some point with a governor of one of those pogrom provinces: (4) "This will never happen again," he told me when the topic touched on the devastations.
When we thought that we had seen enough of a pogrom directed by the Rakhine extremists and Burmese authorities against the Rohingyas of Arakan state of Burma (Myanmar), we are forced to witness yet another massacre of unarmed civilians in the state of Assam.
Kristallnacht 1938 presents new research about the pogrom that took place in cities and towns across Germany while challenging conventional views of the violence.
Hevron's Jews mark the 80th anniversary of the 1929 pogrom, in which 67 Jews were slaughtered with axes and otherwise by their Arab neighbors.