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pointillism(pwăn`təlĭz'əm): see postimpressionismpostimpressionism,
term coined by Roger Fry to refer to the work of a number of French painters active at the end of the 19th cent. who, although they developed their varied styles quite independently, were united in their rejection of impressionism.
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(1) In painting, one of the names for a method used by the neo-impressionists in which tiny points of color are methodically applied. A synonym is divisionism.
(2) In 20th-century music, a type of notation characterized by the prevalence of individual sounds-dots over melodic motifs or chords. It is encountered in works by A. von Webern, P. Boulez, K. Stockhausen, and other avant-garde composers. Pointillism often results in the destruction of the melodic line.