Both men and women seem to agree that polygyny
is no longer compatible with modernity hence women celebrate this achievement.
These include: education, household wealth, employment, urban residence, religious affiliation, polygyny
, number of children, age, age gap between women and their spouses and ethnicity.
The benefit of the selection of females for cultured pearl quality traits such as nacre weight and thickness has also been reported in another experiment using half-sib families produced by polyandry and polygyny
mating designs (Ky et al.
, male parental care, and sex ratio in song sparrows: an experimental study.
6) Polygamy, or rather polygyny
, has been practiced in Bountiful since the 1940s, but did not receive widespread coverage until journalists and activists began pushing the government to enforce Canada's antipolygamy laws during the 1990s (see Bramham 2008).
After all, his first criticism applies to both polyandry and polygyny
103) According to Ze'ev Falk, however, the clause in the Elephantine marriage contract prohibiting polygyny
was drawn less from the Bible and more from the influences of the community's non-Jewish neighbors.
Moreover, Thai residents have been able to sidestep the illicit confines that have restricted polygyny
by creating a separate set of marital guidelines.
Laws range from banning polygyny
to making it legal; from declaring equal rights and duties for both spouses in marriage, to mandating the wife's obedience to her husband; from secluding women, limiting their freedom of movement, requiring them to get permission from their "guardian" for work or travel, to sanctioning situations in which Muslim women can remain single if so they wish, become taxi drivers, imams, union leaders or heads of state; from promoting tolerance and freedom of opinion to imposing the death penalty for "un-Islamic" behavior or alleged blasphemy.
The evolution of polygyny
and polydomy in mound-building Formica ants.
If, on the other hand, early humans experienced a social life favouring either short-term mating strategies, polygyny
, or irregular sexual encounters between various sexual partners, keeping a permanently refreshed store of sperm would prove to be useful for all those males who had infrequent rather than regular sexual intercourse.
But the ecologists also found evidence that the males monopolise space in certain core territorial areas, suggesting that their mating system is a complicated combination of polygyny
, whereby one male monopolises many females, and promiscuity.