Polymer Gasoline

polymer gasoline

[′päl·ə·mər ′gas·ə‚lēn]
(materials)
A product of polymerization of normally gaseous hydrocarbons to form high-octane liquid hydrocarbons boiling in the gasoline range.

Polymer Gasoline

 

polymer distillate, a high-octane component of fuels for piston engines with spark ignition.

Polymer gasoline is produced by catalytic polymerization of the propane-propylene and butylene fractions of gases from petroleum cracking and reforming. The onset of boiling for polymer gasoline is not below 70°C, and the termination of boiling is not above 225°C. The content of unsaturated hydrocarbons is 20–90 percent, with a relatively low content of paraffin, naphthene and, in particular, aromatic hydrocarbons. The octane number of hydrogenated polymer gasoline with 3.3 g tetraethyl lead per kilogram is not less than 104. Inhibitors (antioxidants) are added to stabilize polymer gasolines and commercial fuels containing this component.

REFERENCES

Tekhnicheskie usloviia na nefteprodukty. Moscow, 1969.
Gureev, A. A. Primenenie avtomobil’nykh benzinov. Moscow, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
TPC's Baytown Operations, which will expand the Company's product portfolio, include a two-train, world-scale facility that will produce nonene and propylene tetramer as well as polymer gasoline and propane.
TPL (Italy) for the ethylene glycol, ethylene oxide, MTBE, alkylation and polymer gasoline units;
for the ABS, SAN and butadiene units; TPL (Italy) for the ethylene glycol, ethylene oxide, MTBE, alkylation and polymer gasoline units; CTIP (Italy) for the butene unit; and Snamprogetti (Italy) for the aromatics plant.
Basic engineering and process technology were being supplied by Scientific Design (US) for the ethylene glycol and ethylene oxide units, Himont (US) for the polypropylene unit, BP Chemicals (UK) for the polyethylene unit, TEC of Japan for the SBR, PBR, ABS and SAN units, TEC/Nippon Zeon for the butadiene unit, Institut Franais du Petrole for the butene-1 and MTBE units, and UOP (US) for the aromatics plant and the alkylation and polymer gasoline units.
Basic engineering and process technology were being supplied by Scientific Design of US for the ethylene glycol and ethylene oxide units, Himont (US) for the polypropylene unit, BP Chemicals (UK) for the polyethylene unit, TEC of Japan for the SBR, PBR, ABS and SAN units, TEC/Nippon Zeon for the butadiene unit, Institut Francais du Petrole for the butene-1 and MTBE units, and UOP (US) for the aromatics plant and the alkylation and polymer gasoline units.

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