populism


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Related to populism: Populisme

populism,

in politics, a movement or political strategy that purports to endorse the will of the common or ordinary people, especially when distinguished from and opposed to a corrupt political or economic elite. Often sparked by social and economic disruption, populism typically involves a call by a charismatic leader for the people to assert their will and sovereignty and restore themselves to their rightful place in society, and the prevailing political and economic power structure is typically criticized for having displaced, neglected, or obstructed the people. Populist leaders tend to promote themselves as political outsiders, generally rejecting pluralism and basing their legitimacy on the shared values and strength of the group from which they derive their support. Populist movements and leaders, which can be on the left or right politically, often function as warning signs of a political crisis and force the established political order to respond issues they might otherwise ignore. In the United States, President Andrew JacksonJackson, Andrew,
1767–1845, 7th President of the United States (1829–37), b. Waxhaw settlement on the border of South Carolina and North Carolina (both states claim him). Early Career

A child of the backwoods, he was left an orphan at 14.
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 is usually recognized as an early populist leader, but widespread use of the term "populism" dates to the 1890s and the formation of the Populist partyPopulist party,
in U.S. history, political party formed primarily to express the agrarian protest of the late 19th cent. In some states the party was known as the People's party.
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, an alliance of agrarian interests against urban bankers and industrialists.

Bibliography

See B. Moffitt, The Global Rise of Populism (2016); J-W Müer, What Is Populism? (2016); C. Mudde and C. R. Kaltwasser, Populism: A Very Short Introduction (2017).

populism

political movements or political parties which reflect a major disillusionment with conventional political parties and which have, or present themselves as having, the objective of returning political POWER to the mass of the people, e.g. the Narodniks in Russia in the late 19th-century, and the People's Party in the US in the same era. Populist movements have often been anti-urban, anti-industrial movements, and often also anti-big business. Sometimes they have been associated with CONSPIRACY THEORIES. In the 20th-century, the term has been applied to many political parties and to tendencies within political parties, which may be either left-wing or right-wing, e.g. the Peronist movement in Argentina, based on the urban working class, or FASCIST movements such as NATIONAL SOCIALISM in Germany

Some political strategies employed by political parties may also be described as ‘populist’, even where the party as a whole would not usually be referred to as populist, e.g. in Britain, aspects of the strategy of the modern Conservative Party under THATCHERISM.

populism

a political strategy based on a calculated appeal to the interests or prejudices of ordinary people
References in periodicals archive ?
Civil society organisations defending human rights and equality against populism should agree on a common agenda and strategy across identity politics divides.
Given that a key plank in the appeal of right wing populism is that it offers simplistic solutions to complex social problems through the development of narratives about 'the other,' analysis of wider social influences on health policy and inequalities, such as the privitisation agenda currently operating in the United Kingdom, has the potential to disrupt these populist agendas in small scale ways.
That is also because many of the factors behind populism are non-economic.
Through comparing the similarities and differences on the meaning of populism (which does not have a clear-cut definitions), democracy and nationalism, the studies emphasize the effective functioning of RW discourses in society.
neo-racism), he emphasizes that, hence populism is not an ideology but a strategy, it cannot bring about passions: it would be wrong for one to admit a hatred for populism, as only ideologies can nurture passions.
This means that leaderless populism is not impossible; on the contrary, it is part of the documented empirical evidence of the most recent literature.
But if the EU is a populist target, it also fosters populism.
Trump's populism surely played a role in the surge of white working-class voters to the GOP ticket in 2016.
Authoritarian populism is "typically critical of political representation and anything that mediates the relation between the people and their leader or government.
Judis begins by attempting to define populism and declares at the outset that there is no set of features that is exclusive to populism.
But while Macron's victory is good news, it does not augur the defeat of populism in Europe.
slightly more than one in four Americans (26%) lacked confidence in their national government and were discouraged about their own future -- a condition that a new Gallup analysis suggests may be useful in understanding the recent rise of populism in the U.