portal hypertension


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Wikipedia.
Related to portal hypertension: ascites

portal hypertension

[′pȯrd·əl ‚hī·pər′ten·shən]
(medicine)
Portal venous pressure in excess of 20 mmHg (2666 pascals), resulting from intrahepatic or extrahepatic portal venous compression or occlusion.
References in periodicals archive ?
One other reason that can explain the lower level of specificity may be that those patients may just be having portal hypertension and may not have developed varices at that point in time.
Development of oesophageal varices is one of the major complications of portal hypertension.
These factors were use of beta-blockers for portal hypertension, endoscopic band ligation or sclerotherapy for esophageal varices, hepatocellular carcinoma, or evidence of portal vein thrombosis.
Hydrothorax of this case was relieved effectively owing to TIPS intervention by which portal hypertension was greatly decreased.
Although gastric varices are more prevalent in patients with non-cirrhotic portal hypertension, but a significant percentage of cirrhotic patients have gastric varices.
The etiology of liver failure was defined as: enolic cirrhosis, hepatitis C virus (HCV), cryptogenic cirrhosis, and 1 case of HPS due to non-cirrhotic portal hypertension of presinusoidal prehepatic origin.
Another Study16 showed octreotide reduces the azygos blood flow and it inhibits the postprandial increase in portal pressure in cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension.
These results in the activation of inflammatory pathways, which causes the liver sinusoidal endothelial cells to become dysfunctional, thus, may contribute to portal hypertension [13].
Additionally, the report provides an overview of key players involved in therapeutic development for Portal Hypertension and features dormant and discontinued projects.
Some authors have reported that splenic artery embolization (SAE) is an effective alternative to splenectomy for the treatment of gastric variceal bleeding with left-sided portal hypertension [2, 5, 6].
The main clinical manifestation in patients with portal hypertension and ectopic varices, who are carriers of an ileal conduit, is bleeding at the stomal location, mainly at the mucocutaneous junction.