positive discrimination


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positive discrimination

social policies encouraging favourable treatment of socially disadvantaged ‘minority’ groups, especially in employment, education and housing. These policies aim to reverse historical trends of DISCRIMINATION and to create EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY. The term is roughly synonymous with affirmative action and reverse discrimination.

In the US, where affirmative action programmes have been in operation since the 1964 Civil Rights Act, these policies have created considerable controversy and litigation. In defending the concept of positive discrimination, President Lyndon Johnson said, ‘You do not take a person who, for years, has been hobbled by chains and liberate him, bring him up to the starting line of a race and then say, “you are free to compete with all the others", and still justly believe that you have been completely fair’.

The arguments of those opposed to positive discrimination can be represented by the views of Glazer (1975), who argues that affirmative action ‘has meant that we abandon the first principle of a liberal society, that the individual's interests and good and welfare are the test of a good society, for now we attach benefits and penalties to individuals simply on the basis of their race, color, and national origins.’

Despite calls for programmes of positive discrimination in the UK, it remains illegal under existing Sex Discrimination and Race Relations Acts.

References in periodicals archive ?
If you had not heard of Positive Discrimination Week before that is because I only made it up yesterday.
This is a problem because neutral laws would not resolve any discrimination whatsoever existing in the country, and as previously discussed sometimes in case of disadvantaged groups there is a possibility of positive discrimination or introduction of temporary special measures.
His reprehensible behaviour calls into question positive discrimination, and that has to be lauded.
This includes her pushing positive discrimination through women-only shortlists for Labour election candidates.
A lack of positive discrimination in favor of girls' education in Yemen's educational policies and projects is one of the main reasons behind the significant gender gap in the Yemeni education system.
Neither the US nor Ireland would ever subscribe to a criterion of positive discrimination (quotas), which totally disregards the fact that in the state administration, hospitals, police, courts or schools there should be educated, professional and trained staff.
The articles address the process and intent of paying the social debt owed to the marginalized, a political analysis of positive discrimination, fair access to education for OBCs, assumptions and real data on OBCs, alternative equal opportunity policies, the reasons OBCs should have reserved positions, the state and equal opportunity policies, the merits of inclusive policies, and the deepening separation of the better-off and the worse-off.
I DETEST any form of racism and positive discrimination linked to gender, age, colour or religion and am outraged and disgusted that a Labour Government can even consider legal discrimination in job opportunities targeted at white males.
And Rosenior - looking for a club after being axed as Torquay boss last month - believes clubs should practise positive discrimination.
Nobody seeks state handouts or positive discrimination, just recognition that scale terms should reflect genuine economies of scale; that the planning system which allows Tesco to be judge and jury on its own developments is flawed; and that the continued decline in the independent sector will ultimately perpetuate the oligopoly of the big four.
Second, to even ask such a question indicates clearly that, despite all this aid and education, and the positive discrimination in favour of blacks, the "begging bowl mentality" lingers on, with blacks feeling that the rest of the world owes them a living.
The Gender Equality Ombud of Norway is calling for the implementation of positive discrimination on behalf of Norwegian men who are under-represented in some public services, especially those working for equal opportunities for women.