care

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CARE

(Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere), nonprofit, nonsectarian federation of agencies devoted to channeling relief and self-help materials to needy people in foreign countries. Organized in the United States (1945) to help war-ravaged Europe, CARE soon expanded its program to include developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Famous for its "CARE packages" of food and other necessities, CARE in now also involved in population, health care, land management, and small economic activity. It is now an international organization with 10 member countries and headquarters in Brussels.

care

  1. the work involved in supporting people who, because of physical frailty chronic illness or other forms of incapacity and disability, are incapable of leading an autonomous existence.
  2. other kinds of carework, e.g. in child-rearing (see CHILD CARE) and DOMESTIC LABOUR. This should be distinguished from care in sense 1.
Care in sense 1 operates over a wide range of social relations. A clear dividing line can be drawn between formal and informal care (see Abrams, 1978) as it exists in contemporary industrial societies. Formal care refers to services provided by agents of organization (statutory, voluntary and/or private) to people within clearly defined categories of need. Informal care is personally directed towards certain people who have a social relationship with their carer - usually a family member, and most often a spouse (Parker, 1993), or female relative.

Feminist sociologists (see also FEMINISM) have had a major impact on the understanding of care and caring relationships. They have argued that caring is ‘a gendered concept’ and that women constitute the majority of carers both informally, in the private sphere, and as low-paid care workers (‘care assistants’) in the formal sector (Finch and Groves, 1982; Ungerson, 1987; Lewis and Meredith, 1988). Studies of caring have examined the complex reasons why women care and the particular problems and difficulties they face. Social policies involving decarceration and COMMUNITY CARE, the decline of neighbour-hood and COMMUNITY associated with increasing SOCIAL (and geographical) MOBILITY, have placed an increasing burden on individual women carers. There is some evidence that women are reluctant to enter caring relationships with female relatives but lack viable alternatives (Cotterill, 1994). Recent research using data from the 1980 British General Household Survey has also pointed to the significant contribution made by male carers, particularly men who care for their wives (Arber and Gilbert, 1989).

care, custody, and control

Describes a standard exclusion in liability insurance policies. Under this exclusion, the liability insurance does not apply to damage to property in the care or custody of the insured, or to damage to property over which the insured is for any purpose exercising physical control.

CARE

agency devoted to channeling relief to needy people abroad. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 456]

care

in (or into) care Social welfare made the legal responsibility of a local authority by order of a court
References in periodicals archive ?
Patients who undergo anesthesia require recovery in a postanesthesia care unit, rather than a standard nursing floor.
There were no decreases in postoperative opioid analgesic use among the patients in the DM group during their time in the postanesthesia care unit or during the following 2 days.
The average amount billed for the operation, for time in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU), and for time in the same-day unit (SDU) on the outpatient surgery nursing floor was $8,248 in the planar MIBI group.
The various time intervals (waiting for anesthesia, operation time, anesthesia time, emergence time, exit from OR after extubation, total OR time and postanesthesia care unit stay time) and the incidence of prolonged extubation (≥15 min) were compared between the two anesthetic techniques.
After complete clinical recovery, patients were shifted to the postanesthesia care unit.
A prospective cohort study of emergence agitation in the pediatric postanesthesia care unit.
ED = emergency department; ICU = intensive care unit; OR = operating room; PACU = postanesthesia care unit.
The Aldrete scores (until reach to 9) were recorded on arrival to the postanesthesia care unit (PACU) and every 5 minutes in the first 20 minutes and then every 10 minutes for one hour in the PACU.
During the second week of the pilot, it was discovered that information about the pilot had not been communicated to the postanesthesia care unit, and this caused some confusion when patients had to wait a little longer for an available progressive bed.
13) Their findings demonstrated a significantly decreased postanesthesia care unit stay and fewer unplanned admissions for nausea, vomiting, and therapy for severe pain.
The investigators did not use hematocrit because they expected many patients to go home after surgery, and they do not routinely obtain a complete blood cell count in the postanesthesia care unit unless there is a clinical indication, she said at the meeting jointly sponsored by the American College of Surgeons.
Length of stay was calculated from the postanesthesia care unit discharge time to the time of last documented entry in the medical record.