potential, electric

potential, electric,

work per unit of electric charge expended in moving a charged body from a reference point to any given point in an electric fieldfield,
in physics, region throughout which a force may be exerted; examples are the gravitational, electric, and magnetic fields that surround, respectively, masses, electric charges, and magnets. The field concept was developed by M.
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 (see electrostaticselectrostatics,
study of phenomena associated with charged bodies at rest (see charge; electricity). A charged body has an excess of positive or negative charges, a condition usually brought about by the transfer of electrons to or from the body.
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). The potential at the reference point is considered to be zero, and the reference point itself is usually chosen to be at infinity. It can be shown that the potential associated with a charged body at a given point in a static electric field is independent of the path along which the body has traveled in passing from infinity to the given point. Potential is measured in voltsvolt
[for Alessandro Volta], abbr. V, unit of electric potential and electromotive force. It is defined as the difference of electric potential existing across the ends of a conductor carrying a constant current of 1 ampere when the power dissipated is 1 watt.
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 and is sometimes called voltage.
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The 34 conversions possible are: time, mass, area, volume, temperature, length, angle, angular velocity, angular acceleration, velocity, acceleration, density, force, power, energy, pressure, torque, electric capacitance, electric charge, electric current, electric inductance, electric field strength, electric potential, electric resistance, electric conductance, magnetic flux, magnetic field strength, luminance, luminous intensity, viscosity dynamic, viscosity kinetic, thermal conductivity, thermal heat capacity, and volume flow.