Chapter 2 utilizes Raymond Williams's dichotomy between official and practical consciousness
to analyze the cultural performance of Congo traditions in twentieth-century Portobelo.
And although on the surface the practical consciousness
and language of the two social class language games appear to diametrically oppose one another, the authors argue, given the two groups' material wealth within the Protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism of corporate (neoliberal) America, they do not because both groups have the same underlying practical consciousness
, subjects/agents of the Protestant Ethic and the spirit of capitalism.
She describes practical consciousness
as "the ways [the Congo drama] exists in the situated first-person, 'lived' personal narratives and performance practices of local stakeholders" (p.
He clearly distinguishes religion both from a theoretical cognitive consciousness and from a practical consciousness
I want to argue that gender schemas' "mode of operation" can best be understood by treating the practices collectively designated as collegiality as a form of practical consciousness.
Practical consciousness is distinguished from discursive knowledge, those stated or written rules that govern social life.
The first objective is to gain the active participation of the social actors because, according to Touraine, they have a practical consciousness
respecting their action.
Williams also writes, however, that "creative practice" of this political-historical kind is always a "difficult remaking of an inherited (determined) practical consciousness
Discursive consciousness operates in the realm of surface discourse, where people talk and write to each other, while practical consciousness
is made up of that tacit knowledge used in action that is not formulable discursively, generally conforming to Wittgenstein's idea of "knowing a rule.
The sociological intervention has a further quality in that it recognizes the value of the social actors' practical consciousness
, yet the importance attributed to this practical consciousness