Praetorians

(redirected from praetorian)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Praetorians

(prētôr`ēənz), bodyguard of the ancient Roman emperors. Growing out of an early troop that served as bodyguard to the general commanding in Rome, they were formally organized in the time of Augustus. The number of cohorts (from 500 to 1,000 men each) forming the guard varied, but in the days of the later empire it was 10. The Praetorians under a prefectprefect
or praefect
, in ancient Rome, various military and civil officers. Under the empire some prefects were very important. The Praetorian prefects (first appointed 2 B.C.) usually numbered two; they commanded the powerful Praetorians. From the 2d cent. A.D.
..... Click the link for more information.
 attended the emperor wherever he went. They had special privileges and, in the period when the empire declined, held almost unchallenged authority. Constantine I disbanded them in 312.

Praetorians

 

(praetorian cohorts), a privileged military unit in ancient Rome.

Originally, the bodyguards of Roman commanders were called praetorians and were recruited from Rome’s allies. From the second century B.C., they were chosen from the ranks of Roman equites. The imperial guard created under Augustus was called the praetorian guard and consisted of nine cohorts of 1,000 men each. Composed only of Italians, praetorians served for a shorter term than legionnaires and received higher pay. They were headed by the praetorian prefect. Gradually the praetorians were recruited from inhabitants of the provinces, and they lost their previous importance. Under Emperor Constantine the Great in the early fourth century they were replaced by palace units known as domestici.

In the figurative sense, the term designates mercenaries who buttress an authority based on brute force.

REFERENCE

Durry, M. Les Cohortes prétoriennes. [Paris] 1938.
References in periodicals archive ?
BOSTON & AUSTIN, Texas -- CORE Security([R]), a leading provider of predictive security intelligence solutions, and Praetorian Secure, IT Security and Regulatory Compliance experts, today announced a partnership that allows Praetorian Secure to offer CORE Security solutions to its client base.
In addition, the acquisition complements the depth of content and services Praetorian offers first responders through its news and information sites FireRescue1.
Praetorian militaries, which have direct or indirect control over the government in power, typically are not found in democracies with a strong civil society.
The decision comes after a July 3 hearing on force-placed insurance rates (also known as lender-placed insurance, which is insurance placed on a mortgaged home by the lender when the owner fails to secure his or her own insurance) where Praetorian laid out its business model to justify the 2.
Like the digital television recorder, TiVo, Praetorian users can also pause footage, rewind and explore the recorded portions in that same immersive 3-D environment using a keyboard or joystick.
Praetorian STARShip is the story of the unique and historically important version of the venerable Lockheed C-130 Hercules, the MC-130E/H Combat Talon, and of the men and women who designed, gave birth to, and mentored its development.
The state doesn't need a Praetorian Guard when it has the Supreme Court.
Fletcher has been off the track for 259 days and Praetorian Gold is blinkered for the first
The two Prefects of the Praetorian Guard, whose job it was to protect the emperor, were in the plot, and took no action.
167); served as governor of a series of provinces including Dalmatia, Lower Germany, Bithynia (southern shore of Black Sea), and Africa; following the assassination of Commodus' successor Pertinax (late March 193), he was a candidate for the imperial throne in an auction held by the Praetorian Guard; outbid his rival T.
To Henry Kissinger and Richard Nixon, it was the praetorian guard of their expanding bureaucratic empire.
com, Praetorian Group has an unmatched track record using web technology to connect first responders and deliver mission-critical content that helps them stay more informed, safer and better able to protect their communities.