prairie schooner


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prairie schooner,

wagon covered with white canvas, made famous by its almost universal use in the migration across the Western prairies and plains, and so called in allusion to the white-topped schooners of the sea. It was a descendant of the Conestoga wagonConestoga wagon
, heavy freight-carrying vehicle of distinctive type that originated in the Conestoga region of Pennsylvania c.1725. It was used by farmers to carry heavy loads long distances before there were railroads to convey produce to markets.
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. Whereas the latter usually required a six-horse team even on good roads, the prairie schooner was much lighter and rarely needed more than four horses, and sometimes only two, even on virgin prairie trails. Oxen were frequently used instead of horses. The average prairie schooner was an ordinary farm wagon fitted with a top, drawn in at both ends, with only an oval opening to admit air and light to the interior, where women and children usually slept and rode. In crossing the Great Plains groups of prairie schooners customarily traveled together for protection (see wagon trainwagon train,
in U.S. history, a group of covered wagons used to convey people and supplies to the West before the coming of the railroad. The wagon replaced the pack, or horse, train in land commerce as soon as proper roads had been built.
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).

prairie schooner

horse-drawn wagon used by pioneers; its white canvas top resembled a schooner sailing on the prairie. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 2209]
References in periodicals archive ?
A version of the wagon, the prairie schooner, was used by west-ward-bound immigrants later in the 19th century.
The prairie schooner, which made up the wagon trains that later took settlers to Mississippi regions, was a light version of the Conestoga Wagon.
Born in Illinois, Coolbirth went to California as a child in 1852 in a prairie schooner and thereafter was closely identified with the literary history of that state.
On the frontier you might see a Ford parked by a prairie schooner, patch your walls with flattened tin cans, judge the size of a person's grubstake by the color of her building paper.
He was editor of Poetry magazine from 1950 to 1956 and later edited Prairie Schooner.
From the StreamLite 22FB lightweight towable and Prairie Schooner 36FTE Fifth-Wheel to the SuperNova 4200 40ft.
the Chattahoochee Review, Prairie Schooner, Seneca Review, and other
THE LAWRENCE FOUNDATION AWARD $1000 for the best short story published in Prairie Schooner in 2015 Ezra Olson for the story "Marco Polo" in Fall 2015
The book prize — which has no entry fee — is run by the African Poetry Book Fund, in partnership with the literary journal Prairie Schooner.
Her poetry, reviews and nonfiction have been published by Rolling Stone, Prairie Schooner, Poet & Critic, Northwest Review, Caffeine Destiny, Blood Orange Review, Cream City Review and many other publications.
Her writing has appeared in The Village Voice, Salmagundi, Ploughshares, The Georgia Review, Prairie Schooner, Gettysburg Review, and many other journals.