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1. the office, position, or area of authority of a prefect
2. the official residence of a prefect in France, Italy, etc.



(1) In Rome under the republic, a municipium (municipality) deprived by Rome of self-rule and placed under the supervision of a prefect. From the time of the emperor Constantine I at the beginning of the fourth century the term served to designate an administrative unit. The entire empire was divided into four prefectures—the East, Illyricum (Illyria), Italy, and Gaul—each of which was governed by a praetorian prefect.

(2) In Japan, the designation for the principal administrative and territorial units.

References in periodicals archive ?
Hokkaido International Airlines, a troubled airline better known as Air Do, announced Wednesday its new management under President Michimasu Ishiko, a former senior bureaucrat at the Hokkaido prefectural government.
The Taiheiyo Sangyo president allegedly asked Uchiyama to work on the prefectural government and make sure that prefectural officials would not suspend the company's license or impose a lengthy suspension on the company's business.
The prefectural government is considering calling on governors nationwide and on the governments in prefectures such as Kagoshima, Miyazaki and Kumamoto, which also have large numbers of cows, to join it in asking for a postponement.
In addition, the government will have prefectural governments impose 10% more in taxes on a diesel vehicles more than 11 years old, they said.
Currently the Osaka prefectural government has put off paying its debts and shifts money to the general account as a loan from the fund established to repay its debts.
The approval allows the prefectural government to raise the tax rate to 10% of nuclear fuel prices from the current 7% and introduce a fresh charge of 6,000 yen per kilogram, raising the effective tax rate to 13.
A suit has been filed against the Osaka bank tax as well and the prefectural government fears it could be forced to refund banks some 4 billion yen if it loses the suit.
The Kanagawa prefectural government presented a plan to raise the vehicle tax, imposed on vehicle owners and used mostly to improve roads and related services, by 20% to the prefectural assembly in July.
The DPJ won seats in six prefectural assemblies where it had failed to obtain seats in the previous election and won more than 10 seats in each of 13 prefectural assemblies.
The Miyagi prefectural government hopes to implement the tax hike in June next year, when the tax rate is subject to its mandated review every five years, according to prefectural government officials.
The ordinance stipulates that the prefectural government will begin collecting bank taxes for the five-year period that began in fiscal 2001.
Among the 47 prefectural chapters, 21 said they want Ozawa, 63, to head the party while only six said they favor Kan, according to the survey of executives of the local chapters, which was conducted between last Friday and Monday.