pressure suit


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pressure suit

[′presh·ər ‚süt]
(aerospace engineering)
A garment designed to provide pressure upon the body so that respiratory and circulatory functions may continue normally, or nearly so, under low-pressure conditions such as occur at high altitudes or in space without benefit of a pressurized cabin.

Pressure Suit

 

a pilot’s personal equipment for protection against the dangers of low barometric pressure in case of depressurization of the cockpit at altitudes of more than 12-15 km. The pressure suit is a flight suit with an oxygen mask having surplus pressure or with a pressure helmet. It should exert even counterpressure over the entire surface of the body, not hinder the pilot’s movements, and be air- and vapor-tight. The pilot must be able to put it on and take it off without help from others. The maximum flight elevation in the pressure suit depends on the duration of the flight, how well the suit fits, and the physical strain on the pilot. The principle of action of the pressure suit is based on the fact that the surface of the body is subject to mechanical squeezing with specific pressure equal to the pressure of gas in the lungs. This is done by tension devices with pneumatic chambers inside. When they fill with gas, the chambers straighten out, increase in diameter, and stretch the fabric of the suit.

IU. F. ZAV’IALOV

pressure suit

A skintight suit that may or may not enclose the body fully and can exert pressure on the major portion of the body to counteract an increased intrapulmonary oxygen pressure. The suit permits the respiratory and circulatory functions to take place normally, or near normally, under low-pressure conditions. The suit is used for high-altitude flying where there is a possibility of explosive decompression. See also partial pressure suit.
References in periodicals archive ?
Problems with his pressure suit could cause a gruesome death.
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Flying at 70,000 feet the pilot must wear a full pressure suit to survive.
His golf hit didn't go very far either, simply because he was swinging one-handed in a pressure suit," he added.
Both men continue to suffer the after-effects of their ordeal and Darren has to wear a pressure suit on his legs, to which he has to apply cream three times a day, and he says he suffers flashbacks when he hears sirens or sees bonfires and has been seeing a psychiatrist.
A pressure suit enables a pilot to survive in an environment where there is little or no air pressure, and when involved in high G-force maneuvers.
Vance McClure, physical chemistry analyst, will be working to solve the thermodynamic problems posed by Baumgartner's mission as he manages the capsule, the pressure suit, and their gas and power supply systems.