care

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CARE

(Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere), nonprofit, nonsectarian federation of agencies devoted to channeling relief and self-help materials to needy people in foreign countries. Organized in the United States (1945) to help war-ravaged Europe, CARE soon expanded its program to include developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Famous for its "CARE packages" of food and other necessities, CARE in now also involved in population, health care, land management, and small economic activity. It is now an international organization with 10 member countries and headquarters in Brussels.

care

  1. the work involved in supporting people who, because of physical frailty chronic illness or other forms of incapacity and disability, are incapable of leading an autonomous existence.
  2. other kinds of carework, e.g. in child-rearing (see CHILD CARE) and DOMESTIC LABOUR. This should be distinguished from care in sense 1.
Care in sense 1 operates over a wide range of social relations. A clear dividing line can be drawn between formal and informal care (see Abrams, 1978) as it exists in contemporary industrial societies. Formal care refers to services provided by agents of organization (statutory, voluntary and/or private) to people within clearly defined categories of need. Informal care is personally directed towards certain people who have a social relationship with their carer - usually a family member, and most often a spouse (Parker, 1993), or female relative.

Feminist sociologists (see also FEMINISM) have had a major impact on the understanding of care and caring relationships. They have argued that caring is ‘a gendered concept’ and that women constitute the majority of carers both informally, in the private sphere, and as low-paid care workers (‘care assistants’) in the formal sector (Finch and Groves, 1982; Ungerson, 1987; Lewis and Meredith, 1988). Studies of caring have examined the complex reasons why women care and the particular problems and difficulties they face. Social policies involving decarceration and COMMUNITY CARE, the decline of neighbour-hood and COMMUNITY associated with increasing SOCIAL (and geographical) MOBILITY, have placed an increasing burden on individual women carers. There is some evidence that women are reluctant to enter caring relationships with female relatives but lack viable alternatives (Cotterill, 1994). Recent research using data from the 1980 British General Household Survey has also pointed to the significant contribution made by male carers, particularly men who care for their wives (Arber and Gilbert, 1989).

care, custody, and control

Describes a standard exclusion in liability insurance policies. Under this exclusion, the liability insurance does not apply to damage to property in the care or custody of the insured, or to damage to property over which the insured is for any purpose exercising physical control.

CARE

agency devoted to channeling relief to needy people abroad. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 456]

care

in (or into) care Social welfare made the legal responsibility of a local authority by order of a court
References in periodicals archive ?
The articles presented in this single-topic section address various aspects of the current gaps in evidence-based knowledge of wound management, particularly pressure ulcer care.
There have been few attempts to estimate the cost of pressure ulcer care (Bennet, Dealey, & Posnett, 2004; Haalboom, 1991; Severens, Habraken, Duivenvoorden, & Frederiks, 2002).
The paper by Berlowitz and colleagues (2003) examined quality improvement (QI) implementation in Veterans Affairs nursing homes, with a specific focus on organizational culture and effects on pressure ulcer care.
Currently, the United States Attorney's Office for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, concentrating on nutrition and pressure ulcer care, has prosecuted four claims under this theory, which all ended in quick settlements: United States v.
Pressure ulcer care has owed a great deal to the accumulation of experience by health care professionals such as physicians, nurses, and enterostomal therapists.
Under that agreement, Traveling Medical will visit nursing homes using the EPISCAN I-200 as part of a pressure ulcer care program.
Best practices related to pressure ulcer care have been widely disseminated through clinical practice guidelines published by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ formerly Agency for Health Care Policy and Research) (Panel for the Prediction and Prevention of Pressure Ulcers in Adults 1992).