The impressive black steer will be destined to hopefully one day return through our prime ring
as he was purchased by regular supporter Ricky Alder of M F Hall, Woodhill Farm, Ponteland for PS1220.
In , Ashraf and Rehman established that a prime ring
R with a nonzero ideal I must be commutative, if R admits a nonzero derivation d satisfying d(xy) + xy [member of] Z(R) for all x,y [member of] I or d(xy) - xy [member of] Z(R) for all x,y [member of] I.
A well known result of Posner (19) states that for a non-zero derivation d of a prime ring
R, if [[d(x), x], y] = 0 for all x, y [member of] R, then R is commutative.
1] If R is a 2-torsion free semi prime ring
and a, b are elements in R then the following are equivalent.
The breed has become hugely popular in recent years, much of which can be attributed to prime lamb prices which command a premium in the prime ring
Throughout the paper unless specifically stated, R always denotes a prime ring
with center Z(R) and extended centroid C, right Utumi quotient ring U.
In  Bell and Kappe proved that if d is a derivation of a prime ring
R which acts as a homomorphism or as an anti-homomorphism on a nonzero right ideal I of R, then d = 0 on R.
Let R be a prime ring
of characteristic [not equal to] 2 with right quotient ring U and extended centroid C, g [not equal to] 0 a generalized derivation of R, L a non-central Lie ideal of R and n [greater than or equal to] 1 such that [g(u), u][.
Let R be a prime ring
of characteristic different from 2, d a non-zero derivation of R and I a non-zero right ideal of R such that [d(x)[x.
They include discussions of the Galois map and its induced maps, when direct sums of modules inherit certain properties, prime rings
with left derivations, some commutativity theorems concerning additive mappings and derivations on semi-prime rings
, a short proof that continuous modules are clean, and imprimitive regular action in the ring of integers modulo n.
Their topics include Boolean valued models and semi-prime rings
, Beidar's contributions to module and ring theory, lie maps in prime rings
, and Beidar's contribution to radical theory and related topics.
Hereditary Noetherian prime rings
may be the only non-commutative Noetherian rings whose projective modules, both finitely and infinitely generated, have nontrivial direct sum behavior and a structure theorem describing that behavior, say mathematicians Levy (U.