Prognosis

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Related to prognostic: prognostic factor

prognosis

Med
a. a prediction of the course or outcome of a disease or disorder
b. the chances of recovery from a disease

Prognosis

 

originally a foretelling of the course of an illness. Subsequently it came to be used in general for any specific forecast or judgment about the state of some phenomenon in the future, such as a weather forecast or prediction of the outcome of an election. Today the word is usually used to signify a probabilistic judgment about the future based on special scientific research.


Prognosis

 

of a disease, a medical judgment of the presumed subsequent course and outcome of a disease.

Prognosis is concerned with survival (that is, whether the patient will live), the rate and degree of restoration of health and ability to work, and the character of complications. It is based on knowledge of the etiology and pathogenesis, statistical data, and analysis of individual characteristics of the course of the disease in the particular patient. Many principles for arriving at a prognosis were set forth by Hippocrates. In Russian medicine they were further developed by G. A. Zakhar’in, among others. In some cases the prognosis is quite definite—for example, the prognosis of the severity of radiation sickness according to the leukocyte content in the blood. In other cases it is indefinite, such as in schizophrenia. The prognosis of diseases is changing with the appearance of new methods of treatment and drugs—for example, the prognosis for tubercular meningitis, or what is called pernicious anemia, has become more favorable.

prognosis

[präg′nō·səs]
(medicine)
A prediction as to the course and outcome of a disease, injury, or developmental abnormality.
References in periodicals archive ?
Among cell cycle control molecules, p27 (Kip1) and cyclin D1 appear to have a promising prognostic role in ccRCC.
The relationship between tumor markers and the most important prognostic factors in patients with primary locoregional breast cancer is shown in Table 1.
The authors concluded that in ambulatory patients with suspected angina, basic clinical assessment provided almost all the prognostic value of resting ECGs and nearly all the prognostic value of exercise ECGs.
Furthermore, the authors have derived a smaller set of 26 genes, which they call the stroma-derived prognostic predictor (SDPP) and which is able to stratify tumours into poor and good prognostic groups, and appears to outperform the classic tumour cell-derived gene signatures.
PS is one of the most useful variables in oncology trials, and probably one of the most important prognostic factors of all.
Understanding and identifying prognostic factors are important for the development and evaluation of new treatments.
This paper focused on Securaplane's development of state-of-health (SoH) and state-of-charge (SoC) algorithms, key components in prognostic and health management system that reinforce the safety of company's lithium battery systems.
Therefore, detection of CTCs during the progression of the tumor provides a prognostic value of the tumor progression as well as evaluates the efficacy of therapeutic intervention.
This approach will enable us to identify prognostic and predictive biomarkers for melanoma, and to develop a powerful computational modeling approach to predict disease progression and patient responses to treatment.
The advanced capabilities of the service will help Etihad Airways to make rapid and informed decisions in relation to maintenance, while gaining technology leadership in diagnostic and prognostic health monitoring.
When the investigators used SAPS to analyze these previously identified prognostic signatures in breast and ovarian cancer, they found that only a small subset of the signatures that were considered statistically significant by standard measurements also achieved statistical significance when evaluated by SAPS.