mastectomy

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mastectomy

(măstĕk`təmē), surgical removal of breast tissue, usually done as treatment for breast cancercancer,
in medicine, common term for neoplasms, or tumors, that are malignant. Like benign tumors, malignant tumors do not respond to body mechanisms that limit cell growth.
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. There are many types of mastectomy. In general, the farther the cancer has spread, the more tissue is taken. The radical mastectomies of the past (which removed not only the breast, but underlying chest muscle and lymph nodes) have largely been replaced by less drastic, but equally effective procedures. For small tumors, lumpectomy, removing just the tumor and a margin of tissue, may be performed. A partial, or segmental, mastectomy removes the cancer, some breast tissue, the lining over the chest, and usually some lymph nodes from under the arm; total or simple mastectomy removes the whole breast; modified radical mastectomy takes the breast, lining over the chest muscles, and lymph nodes.

Breast reconstruction can be done using the patient's own tissue or breast implantsbreast implant,
saline- or silicone-filled prosthesis used after mastectomy as a part of the breast reconstruction process or used cosmetically to augment small breasts.
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. Mammograms and self-conducted breast exams have done much to reduce the need for radical procedures because they have increased early detection of the cancer, allowing it to be treated before it has spread.

mastectomy

[ma′stek·tə·mē]
(medicine)
Surgical removal of the breast. Also known as mammectomy.

mastectomy

the surgical removal of a breast
References in periodicals archive ?
1] However, there is no strong evidence that prophylactic mastectomy improves survival for women with sporadic breast cancer,[sup.
The news struck a chord with dozens of women in the UAE and as the story broke, enquires into the genetic testing -- which is the first stage of the procedure to determine the risk of cancer and whether a prophylactic mastectomy is recommended -- flooded Dubai's Well Women clinic, according to breast consultant Dr Houriya Kazim.
Bilateral prophylactic mastectomy reduces breast cancer risk in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers: the PROSE study group.
Clinical management factors contribute to the decision for contralateral prophylactic mastectomy.
That's like chopping off a finger because you're afraid it might get broken": disease and illness in women's views of prophylactic mastectomy.
SAN ANTONIO -- Long-term satisfaction with the decision to undergo bilateral prophylactic mastectomy with immediate breast reconstruction is frequently diminished by unanticipated changes in body image and the sexual relationship, Paula J.
Potential cases were excluded if they had undergone oophorectomy before their diagnosis of breast cancer or if ovarian cancer was diagnosed before breast cancer; potential controls were excluded if they had had bilateral oophorectomy or bilateral prophylactic mastectomy before the age at which their matched case received her breast cancer diagnosis.
The remaining cancer was detected on prophylactic mastectomy (7 mm invasive lobular carcinoma).
In women who do have a genetic predisposition for breast cancer, we, at the Breast Centre, Llandough Hospital, do offer counselling and the options of wait and watch or bilateral prophylactic mastectomy.
In all, 273 of the women diagnosed with DCIS (21%) had a contralateral prophylactic mastectomy, as did 1,199 (17%) of the women with a diagnosis of stage 1-III invasive disease.
But preventive surgery - a prophylactic mastectomy - is a huge step for any woman and it is likely an individual would be at very high risk to consider this.

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