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The sense of position and movement of the limbs and the sense of muscular tension. The awareness of the orientation of the body in space and the direction, extent, and rate of movement of the limbs depend in part upon information derived from sensory receptors in the joints, tendons, and muscles. Information from these receptors, called proprioceptors, is normally integrated with that arising from vestibular receptors (which signal gravitational acceleration and changes in velocity of movements of the head), as well as from visual, auditory, and tactile receptors. Sensory information from certain proprioceptors, particularly those in muscles and tendons, need not reach consciousness, but can be used by the motor system as feedback to guide postural adjustments and control of well-practiced or semiautomatic movements such as those involved in walking.

Receptors for proprioception are the endings of peripheral nerve fibers within the capsule or ligaments of the joints or within muscle. These endings are associated with specialized end organs such as Pacinian corpuscles, Ruffini's cylinders, and Golgi organs (the latter resembling histologic Golgi structures in the skin), and muscle spindles. See Cutaneous sensation, Sensation, Somesthesis


The reception of internal stimuli.
Sensory awareness of one's location with regard to the external environment.
References in periodicals archive ?
An analysis of extended physiological proprioception as a prosthesis-control technique.
These data indicate that Kt does not improve ankle proprioception in healthy subjects.
9-12) Hypermobility syndrome is a systemic disorder which affects virtually all joints, and the lack of proprioception is a well-known feature.
Thus, in addition to the reported benefits of greater instability-induced muscle activation, training on unstable devices might enhance performance by improving proprioception (Anderson and Behm, 2004).
In summary, the study showed an improvement in the dynamic balance of the children with visual impairments that could probably have been a result of the increased use of proprioception and vestibular structures.
His superficial sensation, proprioception and deep tendon reflexes were normal.
Most notably, abnormal toe proprioception was significantly associated with ever use of 6 OP pesticides, with ORs ranging from 2.
The increased risk of falling for children is not simply because their bodies are different, it is also attributed to their limited proprioception and body awareness.
This well-structured and well-written book begins with a brief introduction to some of the key theoretical issues; sight, sound, taste, smell and hearing are considere& but also embodiment including proprioception (how we locate our bodies in space), emotion and synaesthesia (all the senses working together).
Neurological researchers present results of investigation into various aspects of receptor and processing centers that produce the sensory modalities such as touch, temperature, proprioception, and nociception.
This month's FlagHouse Forum introduces sensory products which offer the benefits of deep pressure for the child who struggles with his sense of position or proprioception.