pruning


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Related to pruning: tree pruning

pruning,

the horticultural practice of cutting away an unwanted, unnecessary, or undesirable plant part, used most often on trees, shrubs, hedges, and woody vines. Man uses pruning to remove diseased or injured parts of the plant (see tree surgerytree surgery,
practice of repairing damaged trees to restore their appearance and to arrest disease. Injured or diseased parts are first removed (even small cavities in the bark may harbor injurious fungi and insects), the surfaces are treated with antiseptics and healing aids,
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), to influence vertical or lateral growth for various reasons, and to increase flowering or fruit yield. Top pruning, or topping, induces lateral growth, and in fruit trees not only produces a more easily accessible shape but also diverts the expenditure of nourishment from the formation of useless wood to that of buds and fruit. In transplantingtransplanting,
in horticulture, the process of removing a plant from the place where it has been growing and replanting it in another. The major requirement in transplanting (especially of larger plants) is a sufficient water supply, since the roots are almost inevitably injured
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, the aerial parts of the plant are pruned to balance the amount of root destruction, so that the transpiration area is reduced and the roots have a chance to concentrate their activity on establishing contact with the soil. Judicious pruning of garden perennials helps to maintain plant vigor and prolongs blooming. In topiary worktopiary work
, pruning and training of shrubs and trees into ornamental shapes, used in landscape gardening. Elaborate topiary work in which trees and shrubs are clipped to resemble statuary (e.g.
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 shrubs and trees are pruned to form decorative shapes. As in other horticultural practices, the type of pruning and its timing vary and must be adapted to the specific plant and the conditions of its environment.

Bibliography

See E. P. Christopher, The Pruning Manual (1954); R. L. Hudson, The Pruning Handbook (1973); C. Brickell, Pruning (1979).

References in periodicals archive ?
Limit tip pruning to avoid cutting off their first flush of flowers.
Across 2 years of study, no significant differences due to pruning time were observed, so growers can confidently continue early pruning of both northern-adapted cultivars and, more importantly, the newer hybrid cultivars without concern of affecting winter hardiness," says Ehlenfeldt.
The objective of our study was to assess the impacts of traditional pruning and no pruning on tree growth and productivity.
But we train growers about pruning to improve productivity as it is very important.
Keywords: Roses, pruning time, vegetative growth, flower quality
Hard pruning, when stems are cut back to three or four buds from the base, is recommended for newly planted rose bushes, while moderate pruning, where stems are cut back to about half their length, is advised for hybrid tea bushes growing in ordinary soils.
After pruning, spray with a fungicide against mildew and black spot, making sure the bush is thoroughly covered.
Growers typically respond to extensive winter injury by bypassing pruning altogether.
Pruning is seen as an important management practice in plants in the production of crops.
You force the plant to make the maximum use of its available resources, by putting them into the rose's "core business" Pruning hard is a dangerous policy in an unpredictable environment Thus, if you are in a spot where you know nature may play tricks on you, you may opt for a policy of high tolerance.
Clematis are the climbers which cause the most confusion when it comes to pruning because there are three groups of them, and if you prune the wrong type at the wrong time you'll ruin your chances for blooms this year.