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Inflammation of the uterus, usually involving both the endometrium and myometrium.



inflammation of the muscular and mucosal layers of the uterus.

Metritis is caused by the introduction of infection (usually streptococcal or staphylococcal) into the uterine cavity after abortion or complications in labor. Less often, metritis is a complication of acute diseases, such as tuberculosis or tonsillitis. In the majority of cases it begins with inflammation of the mucosa, called endometritis, but in acute endometritis the inflammatory process almost always extends to the muscular layer, so that metritis proper develops and the entire process acquires the character of metroendometritis. Acute metritis is manifested by elevation of body temperature, general weakness, and headache. The uterus is enlarged and tender. Palpation produces vaginal discharges of pus or of blood and pus.

Acute metritis is treated with rest, cold applied to the lower abdomen, antibiotics, and sulfanilamide preparations. Chronic metritis is treated with physical therapy and health resort therapy.

References in periodicals archive ?
High mortality rate reported with toxic puerperal metritis in buffaloes during postpartum (Jainuddin, 1986).
2008) conducted a study on treatment of toxic puerperal metritis in Iraqi buffalo cows and found bacterial sensitivity to Rifampicin and Oxytetracycline 73.
Comparison of various Antibiotic Treatments for Cows diagnosed with Toxic Puerperal Metritis.
Uterine involution and fertility of Holstein cows subsequent to early PGF2a treatment for acute puerperal metritis.
Metritis: Puerperal metritis is an acute systemic illness due to infection of uterus with bacteria, usually within 10 days after parturition and characterized by reduced milk yield, illness, anorexia, elevated heart rate, fetid red-brown watery uterine discharge and usually pyrexia in severe cases with dehydration.
The sequelae of treating puerperal metritis without recovery of relapse may lead to septic metritis which is difficult to treat.
The history, clinical finding, per-rectal examination of enlarged and inflamed uterus and presence of copious amount of foul smelling pus during straining at time of rectal palpation were sufficient to make diagnosis as puerperal metritis.
Based on history it was diagnosed as puerperal metritis and treated symptomatically.
On the basis of history, clinical findings and observation the cow was initially suspected for toxic puerperal metritis.
Accordingly, the cases were diagnosed as puerperal metritis and decided to treat medicinally.