mastectomy

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Related to quadrantectomy: mastectomy

mastectomy

(măstĕk`təmē), surgical removal of breast tissue, usually done as treatment for breast cancercancer,
in medicine, common term for neoplasms, or tumors, that are malignant. Like benign tumors, malignant tumors do not respond to body mechanisms that limit cell growth.
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. There are many types of mastectomy. In general, the farther the cancer has spread, the more tissue is taken. The radical mastectomies of the past (which removed not only the breast, but underlying chest muscle and lymph nodes) have largely been replaced by less drastic, but equally effective procedures. For small tumors, lumpectomy, removing just the tumor and a margin of tissue, may be performed. A partial, or segmental, mastectomy removes the cancer, some breast tissue, the lining over the chest, and usually some lymph nodes from under the arm; total or simple mastectomy removes the whole breast; modified radical mastectomy takes the breast, lining over the chest muscles, and lymph nodes.

Breast reconstruction can be done using the patient's own tissue or breast implantsbreast implant,
saline- or silicone-filled prosthesis used after mastectomy as a part of the breast reconstruction process or used cosmetically to augment small breasts.
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. Mammograms and self-conducted breast exams have done much to reduce the need for radical procedures because they have increased early detection of the cancer, allowing it to be treated before it has spread.

mastectomy

[ma′stek·tə·mē]
(medicine)
Surgical removal of the breast. Also known as mammectomy.

mastectomy

the surgical removal of a breast
References in periodicals archive ?
Quadrantectomy versus lumpectomy for small size breast cancer.
Osborne, as an author on the subject, was well aware that a mastectomy, rather than a quadrantectomy, was the standard of care for the treatment of angiosarcoma.
Compared with standard quadrantectomy or lumpectomy, oncoplastic surgery (ONC) achieves more accurate tumour resection and free resection margins with better cosmesis (23).
Pain after quadrantectomy and radiotherapy for early-stage breast cancer: incidence, characteristic and influence on quality of life.
Usually BCS does not involve resection of skin except for quadrantectomy and a latissimus dorsi flap is ideally suited to reconstruction following quadrantic resection of a tumour in the upper outer quadrant in which the parenchyma together with a narrow radial ellipse of skin has been removed.
It may be a lumpectomy, which takes away the cancerous tissue and some surrounding area, or a quadrantectomy which removes slightly more.
One of the studies followed 701 women who had tumors that were no bigger than 2 cm in diameter and were randomized to treatment with a radical mastectomy or a quadrantectomy followed by radiotherapy to the ipsilateral mammary tissue.
One of the studies included 701 women who had tumors that were no bigger than 2 cm in diameter and were randomized to treatment with a radical mastectomy or a quadrantectomy, followed by radiotherapy to the ipsilateral mammary tissue.
Quadrantectomy (removal of a quadrant of the breast).