quadrate


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quadrate

1. one of a pair of bones of the upper jaw of fishes, amphibians, reptiles, and birds that articulates with the lower jaw. In mammals it forms the incus
2. of or relating to this bone
References in periodicals archive ?
The liver is anatomically divided into left, right, caudate and quadrate lobes based on its peritoneal attachments.
At each plot, we inventoried berry occurrence three times, mid- to late July, last week of August--first week of September, and last week of September--first week of October, by placing a 1 X 1 m portable quadrate 5 m from the plot center in three directions.
AN and JAM were located in a different separated single quadrate that was distinct from these 3 other breeds (projection of breeds on axes 1 and 2).
The hepatic ducts identified at the level of the hepatic duct confluence were exposed by incising the hilar plate at the base of the quadrate lobe and lowering the extrahepatic left hepatic duct and the hepatic duct confluence.
A one m2 quadrate was used to harvest the plants of central rows of each plot, cutting height was few centimeters above soil surface.
Among the fossils identified were several fragmentary cranial bones: frontal, parietal, right postorbital, left squamosal, right prefrontal, left quadrate, left jugal, left quadratojugal, left lacrimal and several undetermined fragments; left mandible and a fragment of the right, and one isolated tooth; and postcranial bones: 2 paravertebral osteoderms from the nuchal region, 16 paravertebral osteoderms from the trunk region, 22 ventral osteoderms and 16 appendicular osteoderms; 3 cervical and 7 dorsal vertebrae; 2 cervical and 6 thoracic ribs; left coracoid, left and right ulnae, left and right radii, left and fragmentary right ulnare, left radiale, 4 metacarpals and 1 phalanx.
Zn Ni and Co appeared in the same quadrate and clustered at the similarity level of 81.
Male cercus nearly quadrate, with a small inner process at base; epandrial lobe without antero dorsal process; hypandrium apically with wide-spaced row of long setae
2 (some more-derived dichobunines plus lantianiine, some eurodexine dichobunids): Ms quadrate, incipiently selenodont; hypocone distinct; metaconule in latter two groups still connected to protocone by postprotocrista, interrupting transverse valley (TV) (OW).