The data for density, frequency, cover and other derived parameters was collected using fixed quadrate
method and analyzed by using canonical correspondence analysis technique.
Cover and frequency of plant species falling inside the quadrates
were recorded and later on density, relative density, frequency, relative frequency, dominance, relative dominance and Importance Value Index (IVI) of recorded plant species were calculated as described by Coroi et al.
A great variation was found in debris items and their weight that were collected from 10 quadrates
at 4 different coastal areas of Karachi coast: Sandspit, Buleji, Paradise Point and Korangi Creek (Fig.
Each replicate consisted in a core sample of the top 20 cm of sediment, using a cylindrical corer (14 cm in diameter), within a randomly chosen 20-x-20-cm subsquare of one independently dropped quadrate
Number : Per quadrate
numbers were calculated by dividing number of specimen/specimens belonging to Lepidoptera with total number of quadrates
per sampling from selected crops.
Number of points and quadrates
with each species, total stand density, absolute density, basal area, as well as relative frequency, dominance, density and importance value for each species were calculated following Cintron & Schaeffer-Novelli (1984).
Population density was estimated by counting occupied burrows within a quadrate
The patient received chiropractic treatment, which included spinal manipulation directed towards the thoracolumbar segmental dysfunction, along with soft tissue therapy for quadrates
lumborum myofascial pain syndrome.
has the advantage of estimating the Sunn pest population above ground can be obtained to any increased degree of accuracy by increasing the number of quadrates
In each microplot 3 vegetation sample quadrates
(area of 1 [m.
The minimum quadrate
size was evaluated at each intertidal height level in eight sample profiles by analyzing quadrates
with 100, 200, 400, 800 and 1600 [cm.
We examined predictor variables at two different scales, 7 X 7 km and 15 X 15 km quadrates
with dens at the centre.