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(kĕtsäl`) or


(kāsäl`), common name for a magnificent bird of the family Trogonidae (trogontrogon
, family of tropical jungle birds related to the roadrunners and including the quetzal. Trogons are sedentary arboreal birds, 10 to 14 in. (25.4–35.6 cm) long, with short rounded wings, long squared tails, and small weak legs.
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 family), found in the rain forests from S Mexico to Costa Rica at altitudes of up to 9,000 ft (2,745 m). It is strikingly beautiful, with a crested head, bronze-green back, and crimson and white underparts. Quetzals nest in holes, and lay from two to four eggs per clutch. The male shares incubation duties with the female. The nesting hole has a single entrance, not two as was once believed. The Aztec and Maya used the 2-ft (61-cm) shimmering green tail plumes of the breeding male ceremonially and worshiped the bird as the god of the air, associating it with the god QuetzalcoatlQuetzalcoatl
[Nahuatl,=feathered serpent], ancient deity and legendary ruler of the Toltec in Mexico. The name is also that of a Toltec ruler, who is credited with the discovery of corn, the arts, science, and the calendar.
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. The quetzal, Pharomachrus mocino, is the national bird of Guatemala, and a monetary unit of the country is also called a quetzal. Quetzals are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Trogoniformes, family Trogonidae.



(Pharomachrus mocino), a bird of the order Trogoniformes. The body (without the tail) measures approximately 40 cm long. The head, breast, and back are an iridescent green, the lower part of the breast and the abdomen are crimson, and the tail is black and white and entirely covered by very long (up to 80 cm) upper coverts. The bird inhabits the mountain rain forests of Central America, from southern Mexico to western Panama. It nests twice a year in tree hollows, producing two pale blue eggs at a time. The quetzal feeds on small fruits. The young are initially fed insects and small lizards, then fruits. The quetzal is the national bird of Guatemala.

References in periodicals archive ?
She borrows 1,000 quetzales (about $162) per month from her village bank.
Coupons redeemable for fuel (petrol and / or diesel) of one hundred quetzales name,coupons redeemable for fuel (petrol and / or diesel) of name of fifty quetzales
One of the main programs implemented by the CCS is the conditioned-cash-transfer scheme Mi Familia Progresa (MIFAPRO), under which rural families living in poverty and extreme poverty receive Q300 (300 quetzales, US$38) a month provided their children comply with regular school attendance and medical checkups.
The prosecution alleges Villanueva regularly bribed his way out of the prison, and Gomez Limon agreed, telling the court that Villanueva had "special comforts" inside the prison, and that "whoever had money could pay 300 or 400 quetzales ($40-$50) and leave for a while.
My plan was to travel to the US, but I found a stable job here and I'll stay while it lasts," says Tupul, who earns between Q85 (85 quetzales, US $10) and Q90 (US$11) a day, above the agrarian minimum wage, currently Q65 (US$8).
The plantation manager ordered workers to stay on and perform tasks that would have extended the day to 11 hours, but without adding anything to the paltry wage of 14 quetzales or $2.
While he lived in the US, he sent his wife 1,000 quetzales (Q1,000, US$123.
Agustin said women are lucky if they earn 150 quetzales in a six-day week -- $27.
The Registro Nacional de las Personas (RENAP) was created in 2007 with the aim of producing a new form of ID card using the latest biometric technology that would replace the "cédula de vecindad," a small booklet containing a citizen's photograph, fingerprint, and personal information, which can be easily forged and purchased on the black market for up to 8,000 quetzales (US$1003).
Conditions, he said, are "practically slavelike" with workers earning as little as five quetzales -- less than a dollar -- a day, a sum far below minimum wage.
López says real estate corporation Viviendas Hoy sold them their plots of land with mortgages provided by local bank Vivibanco for prices between 30,000 quetzales (US$2,500) and 50,000 quetzales (US$6,240).