raisin


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Raisin,

river, 115 mi (185 km) long, rising in S Mich. and flowing E to Lake Erie at Monroe, Mich. After Detroit's surrender in the War of 1812, U.S. troops under Gen. James Winchester, sent to retake Frenchtown (the present Monroe), were crushed there by the British and their Native American allies. The Native Americans, after promising protection, attacked and killed (Jan. 22, 1813) the remaining Americans, and "Remember the River Raisin" became the American rallying cry to the war's end.

raisin,

dried fruit of certain varieties of grapevines bearing grapesgrape,
common name for the Vitaceae, a family of mostly climbing shrubs, widespread in tropical and subtropical regions and extending into the temperate zones. The woody vines, or lianas, climb by means of tendrils, which botanically are adaptations of terminal buds.
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 with a high content of sugar and solid flesh. Although the fruit is sometimes artificially dehydrated, it is usually sun-dried. The culture of grapes for the production of raisins is limited to regions with a long, hot growing season because the grape must remain on the vine until fully mature in order to attain a high percentage of sugar and because enough time must elapse between harvesting and fall rains to permit sun-drying. Raisins are produced from grapes of the European type (Vitis vinifera). Most seedless raisins, especially in California, are produced from the Sultanina, or Thompson, variety of seedless grape, known in international trade as the Sultana. A different variety, produced in California, is known there as the Sultana. The Muscat, a very ancient variety, is noted for its flavor and meatiness, but it has seeds and is somewhat sticky; it is commonly marketed in clusters for table use. Raisins of sharp flavor and firm texture are often called currants (although unrelated to the true currant) and are preferred for certain bakery products. Grapes have been dried for out-of-season consumption from ancient times and were important in early Mediterranean trade. Spain, Asia Minor, and Greece were long the centers of cultivation, but in the 20th cent. Australia is an important producer and California is the leading producer. Raisin production was introduced in California by Spanish missionaries in the late 18th cent. and began to assume importance after 1875. Today most seed grapes are seeded, and many grapes are bleached and dipped in oil to improve their appearance. About 3 1-2 lb (1.6 kg) of grapes yield 1 lb (.45 kg) of raisins. Raisins are valuable nutritionally because of their sugar, mineral (especially iron), and vitamin (B and A) content.
References in periodicals archive ?
Put all ingredients in a bowl except lemon juice, apple, raisins and cranberries.
They have been refusing to comply with a ''marketing order'' to surrender, without compensation, a portion of their production for the RAC's raisin ''reserve.
FOR THE CAKE 4 tbsp dark rum 130g caster sugar 100g softened butter 2 eggs 280g plain flour 1 tsp baking powder 1 tsp bicarbonate of soda 220g raisins FOR THE BUTTER CREAM ICING 150g butter 250g icing sugar 2 tbsp dark rum 2 tbsp chopped raisins 2 tbsp whole raisins 1 Pre-soak the raisins in the rum and set aside then preheat the oven to 180C/160C fan/Gas Mark 4.
He said first heavy rains and hailstorms hit the plants and then attacked by fungal infections, leading to a greater proportion of the grape harvest being dried for raisin production.
California raisin farmers Marvin and Laura Horne decided to sell all of the raisins they produced--and thereby ran afoul of the law.
Another study, a scientific review of almost 80 studies, also published in the journal, shows that raisins have the potential to reduce risk of diabetes and heart disease, and that raisin consumption contributes to improved blood glucose control for diabetics, and also can be helpful for weight Loss and management.
More than just a keepsake from her youth, it was the sunbonnet she had worn while modeling as the original Sun-Maid raisin girl, a painting of which would become the brand logo for Sun-Maid raisins.
Iran's raisins export hit $325 million in 2011and the estimations are for more than $1 billion raisin export in the near future since the country enjoys the required potentials in this section.
and nutrition research advisor for the California Raisin Marketing Board.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Some 135,000 tons of raisin are being exported aboard from Iran annually.
Already the Amazin' Raisin Chicken Ball has attracted significant attention from ready meals manufacturers and caterers and at the same time has won an award in a major competition.
SANA'A, Oct 11 - Yemeni raisin producers have threatened to replace grapes with qat in their plantations after the loss they sustained this year as a result of not being able to sell all their produce.