Recovery

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recovery

1. Law
a. the obtaining of a right, etc., by the judgment of a court
b. (in the US) the final judgment or verdict in a case
2. Fencing a return to the position of guard after making an attack
3. Swimming Rowing the action of bringing the arm, oar, etc., forward for another stroke
4. Golf a stroke played from the rough or a bunker to the fairway or green

Recovery

 

(also called a recovery action), in civil law, a method of defending property by which an owner can recover his property from the unlawful possession of another. This form of suit arose in Roman law.

In the USSR recovery is regulated by Article 28 of the Basic Principles of Civil Legislation of the USSR and the Union Republics of 1961, articles 151-155 of the Civil Code of the RSFSR, and by analogous articles of the civil codes of other Union republics. An owner can recover his property from a mala fide purchaser and, if the property was acquired gratis, from a bona fide purchaser, regardless of the way in which the property left the owner’s possession. If a bona fide purchaser acquired the property gratis, it can be recovered only if it was lost by the owner or by a person into whose possession the owner had transferred it (for example, for temporary use) or if it was stolen from one or the other person or taken from them in any other way, regardless of their will. These limitations extend only to the recovery of personal property; state property and the property of kolkhozes or other cooperative and public organizations can be recovered from any purchaser. Money and bearer securities can be recovered in all cases only from one who has acquired them in bad faith.

The owner has a right to demand the return of his property and compensation for the income that the unlawful possessor extracted or should have extracted from the time he possessed it (if he is the possessor mala fide) or from the time when he learned or should have learned about the unlawfulness of possession (if he is the possessor bona fide). In turn, the possessor of the property has a right to demand from the owner compensation for the necessary expenses he incurred for the maintenance of the property from that time when income from the property was due to the owner. The regulation of recovery is basically similar in the majority of other socialist countries.

In the bourgeois countries of continental Europe that were influenced by Roman law, recovery has only some external similarity to recovery in socialist law, from which it is distinguished by its social and economic content. In the law of Great Britain and the majority of the states of the USA the concept of a recovery action does not exist.

REFERENCES

Grazhdanskoe pravo, vol. 1. Moscow, 1969. Page 412.
Grazhdanskoe i torgovoe pravo kapitalisticheskikh gosudarstv. Moscow, 1966. Page 180.

V. A. KABATOV


Recovery

 

the evaluation of the completeness with which an initial raw material is used in separation technological processes (including concentration of mineral products, metallurgical processes, and processes involving chemical technology). Recovery is calculated as the ratio between the quantity of the substance present in the particular product and the quantity in the initial material (in percentages or fractions). Because a raw material in technological processes is never completely separated into its constituent elements or compounds but rather the concentration of substances in the material changes up to the present value, the recovery depends on the initial concentration a, the concentration ² in the product obtained, and its yield γ:

Recovery is determined most often for a concentrated product, such as a concentrate or matte. In this case a distinction is made between commodity recovery, which is defined as the ratio of the mass of recovered component in the marketable product to the mass of the raw material, and technological recovery, which is defined by the concentrations of the component in the initial and all final products of the technological process. The discrepancy between commodity and technological recovery indicates inaccuracy in analysis of the concentrations, the existence of mechanical losses in the technological process, and inaccuracy in testing.

In mining work recovery of mineral resources from the earth’s interior is defined as the degree of completeness with which the ore mass, coal, or petroleum is extracted in the process of working the particular deposit.

L. A. BARSKII


Recovery

 

the return of a portion of the material or energy expended in carrying out a production process for reuse in the same process. Thus, valuable solvents in the chemical industry are extracted by processing the spent mixtures with gases that do not react with the solvents, such as air, by direct condensation, and by other methods. Recovery of heat is realized in various heat engineering systems (recuperators) when the final product has a high temperature and requires cooling before release from the system. For example, in the separation of mixtures by distillation, the separated component is cooled by a mixture that has not yet been distilled. This cooling thus serves to heat the mixture before entry into the distillation apparatus.

recovery

[ri′kəv·ə·rē]
(aerospace engineering)
The procedure or action that obtains when the whole of a satellite, or a section, instrumentation package, or other part of a rocket vehicle, is retrieved after a launch.
The conversion of kinetic energy to potential energy, such as in the deceleration of air in the duct of a ramjet engine. Also known as ram recovery.
In flying, the action of a lifting vehicle returning to an equilibrium attitude after a nonequilibrium maneuver.
(hydrology)
The rise in static water level in a well, occurring upon the cessation of discharge from that well or a nearby well.
(mechanics)
The return of a body to its original dimensions after it has been stressed, possibly over a considerable period of time.
(metallurgy)
The percentage of valuable material obtained from a processed ore.
Reduction or elimination of work-hardening effects, usually by heat treatment.
(mining engineering)
The proportion or percentage of coal or ore mined from the original seam or deposit.
(petroleum engineering)
The removal (recovery) of oil or gas from reservoir formations.

recovery

That phase of a mission that involves the return of an aircraft to a base.
References in periodicals archive ?
This is the first study to describe Qc and SV during a typical HIIT session performed by well-trained athletes The main finding was that moderate-intensity recovery periods are not necessary to maintain high SV during the exercise intervals of HIIT.
Body mass gained during the recovery period between the initial "weigh-in" and secondary "pre-match" measurements is an indirect method of measuring body mass lost during weight cycling.
If the replacement property's recovery period is longer than that of the relinquished property, depreciation for the exchanged basis beginning in the year of replacement is determined as though the replacement property had originally been placed in service by the acquiring taxpayer in the same taxable year the relinquished property was placed in service, but using the longer recovery period.
The high reactors started the stress period with lower cortisol levels that peaked immediately after the stress test and returned to baseline during the recovery period.
2] and 10 nonobese men with a BMI less than 25 had their stature measured at 3-minute intervals during two 30minute walks and two 30-minute standing recovery periods.
Therefore, the probability that they would adequately rehydrate in the twelve- or eighteen-minute recovery period is reduced.
It is anticipated that there will be a six-to-eight week recovery period following the operation.
Q: The revised RAI User's Manual, in Section P, says not to code services that were provided solely in conjunction with a surgical procedure and the immediate postoperative recovery period.
Fingerlings held previously at 28 C were exposed to 20 C for 4 d, transferred acutely to low temperatures, and returned to 28 C for a recovery period of 72 hr.
The authors conclude that, if the straight-line method of depreciating an entire structure were retained, the recovery period necessary to make tax depreciation correspond to economic depreciation is 20 years or less.
The IRS, however, determined that a number of those items were structural components of the related buildings (IRC section 1250 property) and should he depreciated over the same recovery period as the associated buildings.