The dangers to Pakistan from these redoubts
were so grave that in 2017, Pakistan's ground and Special Forces had to launch infantry operations to plug the valleys and terrain opposite Tora Bora.
The Yemeni government of President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi fled to Riyadh in March as Houthi forces closed in on their last redoubt
in Aden, triggering the Saudi-led intervention and fighting which has killed more than 4,500 people, many of them civilians.
The only two areas of the fort that initially resisted the British assault were the Red Barracks (also known as French Barracks), which was being used as a hospital, and the South West Redoubt
, which returned fire with its 6 pounder canon mounted on the upper floor.
The same was true of his role in authorizing "black bag jobs" at suspected Weather Underground redoubts
Quoted as 'one of the most complete of the surviving examples of purpose-built Napoleonic fortifications in south-west England', the forts comprise two redoubts
on an area which had been the site of defensive batteries from 1780.
With its liberal and secretive financial laws Liechtenstein is one of the world's great centres of shuffly money, and indeed, the monstrous former proprietor of this magazine, the vile swindler Robert Maxwell, had one of his last financial redoubts
For example, how many children can say they spent their formative years wandering the gay-male redoubts
of San Francisco?
The ground combat forces in the Marines and the Army, the last redoubts
of masculinity, had about 61,000 and 350,000 male-only slots.
They want to engage the left on every front; to defund it; to drive it back into the redoubts
whence it emerged decades ago.
As the managed care tidal wave grows, even private payers that have been the redoubts
of open access are limiting enrollees to networks and are becoming more aggressive in economic profiling of providers seeking admittance.
From National Review to The Heritage Foundation, not to mention such libertarian redoubts
as The Cato Institute, the grumbling is reaching impressive levels.
Whatever the outcome of the contests, their reputation as the last redoubts
of "retail campaigning" has already suffered badly, perhaps irreparably.