Red Shirts

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Red Shirts

 

(Persian and Pashto, surkhpush; their name for themselves was khuda khidmatgar, “servants of God”), volunteer detachments created in the autumn of 1929 in the Northwest Frontier Province of British India by the Pashto national-liberation organization Pakhtun Jirga (the Pashto Conference, Pashto League). The members of the detachments colored their shirts red. The commander in chief of the Red Shirt detachments was Abd-al Ghaffar khan. The detachments were formed mostly from the urban petite bourgeoisie, young students, the intelligentsia, and the peasantry. They were active in the struggle against British colonial rule. After the formation of Pakistan (1947), the Red Shirts became the leading organization of the Pashto national movement. In 1955–56 they came out against the unification of West Pakistan into a single province. In the fall of 1956 they joined the National Party of Pakistan.

IU. V. GANKOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
The Belleville native used the redshirt season to grow not only as a player, but as a student and as a person.
Oliver, a 6-foot-1 redshirt junior from Meridian, Idaho, didn't play after suffering an injury in the opener against Southern Utah.
The rate was higher among highly educated parents (see Figure lb), with college graduates approximately twice as likely to redshirt their sons as high-school graduates are.
Playing (10): Darren McFadden#, RB (3-year starter); Felix Jones#, RB (3-year starter); Casey Dick#, QB; Jose Valdez#, OT; Freddie Fairchild#, LB (re-signed, originally signed in '04, 2-year starter, medical redshirt in '06, soph.
Davis' l'il brother: Redshirt junior Bruce Davis arrived at UCLA weighing slightly more than 200 pounds, but the 6-foot-3, 240-pound Davis developed into an all-American defensive end.
Redshirt sophomore Carmela Cardama Baez was 73rd at the 2017 NCAA cross country championships for Florida State.
Making an impression: A big benefit of bowl practice is getting experience for younger players, and two redshirt sophomores standing out are linebacker Joshua Edwards and defensive end Tom Blake, Bruins coach Karl Dorrell said.
We're not going in saying we are going to redshirt anyone.
The 6-foot-4, 315-pound Daltoso arrived at Oregon last fall from Boise, Idaho and sat out a redshirt season.
Quarterback Ben Olson's knee is on the mend, and the redshirt sophomore could return to the gridiron for the first time in six weeks when UCLA plays Arizona State on Saturday.
After telling the majority of his true freshmen that they will redshirt this season, Oregon coach Mark Helfrich tried to soften the blow at the end of Saturday's practice by having every player who ever sat out a redshirt season stand up.
Norris likely to redshirt: Injured cornerback Michael Norris, who is yet to play because of a torn ligament in his knee, said he would redshirt, unless UCLA suffered an injury to one of its cornerbacks.