Reduplication

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Reduplication

 

in linguistics, complete or partial repetition of a root, stem, or word. Reduplication may express plurality, as in the Malay orang (“person”) and orangorang (“people”). It may be used to intensify an action or quality, as in the Russian khodish’-khodish’ (“you walk and walk”) and bol’shoi-bol’shoi (“very big”). Sometimes an adjective formed by reduplication expresses a lesser degree of a quality, as exemplified by the Malagasy fotsi-fotsi (“whitish”). Reduplication may also express different aspectual and other meanings in a verb. In the Indo-European languages, there is partial reduplication in the formation of the perfect and present. Reduplication is also used in onomatopoeic expressions, such as the Russian ku-ku (the call of the cuckoo) and the English “tick-tick.”

References in periodicals archive ?
Almost all parents (> 90%) report that reduplicative babbling is already present at 8-9 months or when their children have not yet produced any words.
Na introducao de seu livro, ao enunciar alguns dos principais pontos de sua interpretacao, Mugnai faz a seguinte afirmacao: "I think that Leibniz considers logically equivalent the sentences 'Paris loves Helen' and 'Paris is a lover, and eo ipso Helen is a loved one'--in general I think that Leibniz regards as logically equivalent sentences of the form 'xRy and the sentences resulting from his analysis via reduplicative operators like quatenus, et eo ipso, etc.
For example the base ala functions verbally as alaia, a term which could be translated 'kill', and ala takes a reduplicative form, alula (that is, a contraction of ala-ala) to function as a noun for 'war'.
The article will focus on reduplicative constructions in Estonian, but sometimes comparisons will be drawn with similar constructions in other Finno-Ugric languages, mainly Finnish.
The "Generalized Phonology Prediction" of Inkelas and Zoll (2005) states that reduplicative and nonreduplicative constructions alike draw from the same range of cophonologies.
By privileging the standpoint of reduplicative syllogistic, Back apparently fails to recognize that the issue of reduplication has yielded a series of important contributions to the theory of knowledge and to metaphysics as well.
Rather, the natural signs represent the basic structure and dynamism of human existence which the grace of Christ presupposes, redeems, and elevates; indeed, only on this basis can the sacraments appear not as a reduplicative and hence alienating superstructure, but as the incarnation of grace in human existence itself.
21) The phrase, |the men are (or have come about) for the sake of sacrifice and fellowship,' if proposed without qualification, would naturally be read as equivalent to its reduplicative form, viz.
The biological basis for this might include the fact that each organism's brain consists of two wholly reduplicative and independent halves: after fission, each fission descendent has half the original brain, which is enough for normal functioning.
Having read Susan Thorpe's "Singularly Imperfect Tauitonyms", Ed Wolpow recommends Nils Thun's Reduplicative Words in English, a thesis published in 1963 by Carl Bloms Boktrychkeri A.
In Sima Xiangru's fu, the great majority of textual variants concerns rhyming, alliterative, or reduplicative binomes; these usually serve as descriptives but also occur in the names of plants and trees, minerals and stones, or mythological beings.
Quantitative transfer in reduplicative and templatic morphology.