reduplicate

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reduplicate

(of petals or sepals) having the margins curving outwards
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On the other hand, reduplicative non-finite constructions (V + Vma) laheb minema [goes to go] 'goes away' and tuleb tulema [comes to come] occur with the motion verbs minema 'go' and tulema 'come'.
4) This is the approach applied by Walker (2000a,b,c, 2003), Walker and Mpiranya (2006), Rose and Walker (2004), and Hansson (2001, 2007) to consonant harmony, by Kramer (2003) and Kim (2007) to vowel copy, and by Zuraw (2002), Yu (2003, 2005a), Haynes (2007a), and Yu (2007) to a variety of reduplicative phenomena which in the Dual Theory would all be classified as phonological duplication.
This is particularly true for alliterative, rhyming, or reduplicative binomes which are generally written in numerous and vastly different ways.
MDT insists on the semantic, and not phonological, interdependence between the two stems of a reduplicative dyad and, therefore, it presupposes a view of the reduplicant as a relatively independent morphological entity.
In spite of Boodberg's protest to the contrary, I feel sure that julu[CHINESE CHARACTERS NOT REPORDUCIBLE IN ASCII], which I reconstruct as EMC (Early Middle Chinese) kua-lua < [LANGUAGE NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 'hunchback' is a reduplicative formation based on a root meaning 'curved' found in gou [CHINESE CHARACTERS NOT REPORDUCIBLE IN ASCII] EMC [LANGUAGE NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] < [LANGUAGE NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 'hook, hooked, curved'.
Pluractional reduplicative prefix (Newman 2000: 424) buga: (HL) 'beat' [right arrow] bub-buga: (HL) karanta: (HLH) 'read' [right arrow] kak-karanta: (HLH) kira: (H) 'call' [right arrow] kik-kira: (H) gya:ru (LH) 'be well repaired' [right arrow] gyag-gya:ru (LH)
Marantz's description is, however, unable to account for quantitative transfer in cases where the reduplicant is defined by CV slots, since it is the melody of the base alone that is available for association to the reduplicative affix.
Reduplicative m- is a stylistic element Babur exploits elsewhere, e.
correctly objects to Huang's (1991) treatment of the negative element in reduplicative questions as a fake negation rather than a real negation, that is as an element that does not appear in the deep structure.
Again, the next line in Cai Yong's piece uses the reduplicative, ranran [Chinese Text Omitted] ("dainty-delicate"), also found in Cao Zhi's poem; the comparison between the branches' appearance and a woman's is deliberate.
I am not quite sure how to take the reduplicative construction brtsigs shing brtsigs shing.
These observations show that approaches that posit base-reduplicant/truncatum identity constraints miss the proper generalization regarding reduplicative and truncatory patterning.